نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار، بخش تحقیقات کشت گلخانه‌ای، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان تهران، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، ورامین، ایران.

چکیده

به­منظور ارزیابی اثر روش­های مختلف مصرف (برگ­پاشی و مصرف خاکی) هیومیک­اسید و آمینو­کلات بر رشد و عملکرد خیار گلخانه­ای (Cucumis sativus L.) رقم سوپر­سلطان، آزمایش گلخانه­ای دو­ساله (98-1397) به­صورت فاکتوریل بر پایه طرح آماری بلوک­های کامل تصادفی، با دو عامل هیومیک­اسید (بدون کاربرد هیومیک­اسید، کاربرد خاکی هیومیک­اسید و کاربرد هیومیک­اسید به­صورت برگ­پاشی) و آمینوکلات (بدون کاربرد آمینوکلات، کاربرد خاکی­آمینوکلات­ و کاربرد آمینوکلات به­صورت برگ­پاشی) در سه تکرار در مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان تهران اجرا شد. اثر کاربرد هیومیک­اسید و آمینو­کلات و اثر متقابل آن‌ها بر عملکرد میوه در واحد سطح، تعداد میوه در بوته، درصد ماده خشک میوه و شاخص کلروفیل برگ معنی­دار بود، به گونه­ای که بیش‌ترین عملکرد میوه در واحد سطح، تعداد میوه در بوته، درصد ماده خشک میوه و شاخص کلروفیل برگ از کاربرد خاکی هیومیک­اسید و آمینوکلات به­دست آمد که به‌ترتیب 4/57، 6/58، 4/56 و 8/43 درصد بیش‌تر از تیمار شاهد بود. اثر کاربرد هیومیک­اسید و آمینو­کلات و اثر متقابل آن‌ها بر غلظت عناصر غذایی پرمصرف برگ معنی­دار بود. بیش‌ترین غلظت نیتروژن، فسفر، پتاسیم، کلسیم و منیزیم برگ از کاربرد خاکی هیومیک­اسید و آمینوکلات به­دست آمد، به‌گونه­ای‌که غلظت نیتروژن، فسفر و پتاسیم برگ در اثر کاربرد هیومیک­اسید و آمینوکلات به‌صورت مصرف در خاک به‌ترتیب به میزان 44، 51 و 58 درصد افزایش نشان داد. براساس نتایج به­دست‌آمده، برای رسیدن به حداکثر عملکرد خیار گلخانه­ای در واحد سطح، کاربرد هم‌زمان هیومیک­اسید و آمینوکلات به­صورت مصرف در خاک توصیه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of the Effect of Different Methods of Application of Humic Acid and Aminchelate on Growth Characteristics, Yield, and Concentration of Nutrients in Greenhouses Cucumber Var. Supersultan

نویسنده [English]

  • Mohsen Seilsepour

Assistant Professor, Greenhouse Cultivation Research Department, Tehran Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Varamin, Iran.

چکیده [English]

To evaluate the effects of different application methods of humic acid and aminochelate (Foliar application and soil application) on growth and yield of cucumber (Cucumis sativus. L), an experiment has been conducted under greenhouse conditions with factorial design based on randomized complete block with three replications during two years (2018-2019) in Tehran agricultural a natural resources research and education center. The humic acid factors are as three levels (untreated, soil application, and foliar spray) and aminochelate factor are as three levels (untreated, soil application, and foliar spraying). The effects of humic acid, the effects of aminochelate, and their intraction on yield, number of fruits per plant, fruit dry matter, and leaf chlorophyll index have been significant. The highest fruit yield, number of fruits per plant, fruit dry matter, and leaf chlorophyll index are obtained from soil application of humic acid and aminocholate, being 57.4%, 58.6%, 56.4%, and 43.8%, more than the control, respectively. Also, the effects of humic acid, the effects of amino chelate, and their intraction have been significant on concentration of macronutrients in leaf. The highest concentrations of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and magnesium of the leaves are obtained from the application of humic acid and aminoclate in soil. Thus, the concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium due to soil application of humic acid and aminolate increase by 44%, 51%, and 5%8, respectively. Based on the results, in order to achieve the maximum yield of greenhouse cucumber, the combined use of humic acid and aminocholate as soil application is recommended.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chlorophyll
  • dry matter
  • nitrogen
  • Phosphorus
  • potassium
Ahmadi, K., Ebadzadeh, H. R., Hatami, F., Hosseinpour, R., & Abd Shah, H. (2016). Agricultural Statistics, Volume II, Horticultural Products. Ministry of Jihad Agriculture, Deputy of Planning and Economy, Information and Communication Technology Center Tehran Iran.
Al-madhagi, I. (2020). Effect of humic acid and yeast on the yield of greenhouse cucumber. Journal of Horticulture and Postharvest Research, 2(1), 67-82
Aslani, M. V., & Souri, M.K. (2013). Investigation of the effects of applying several chemical fertilizers based on amino acids on the initial growth of spinach. 8th Horticultural Sciences Congress, September 7-9, Hamedan. Iran
Atiyeh, R.M., Lee, S., & Edwards, C.A. (2002). The influence of humic acids derived from earthworm-processed organic wastes on plant growth. Bioresource Technology, 84, 7-14.
Basirat, M., Ghaffari Nejad, SA, Seilsepour, M., Mollahosseini, H., & Tehrani, M.M. (2017). Integrated Fertility Management Guidelines Soil and nutrition of greenhouse cucumber plant. Soil and Water Research Institute. Karaj. Iran
Chen, Y., Nobili, M.D., & Aviad, T. (2004). Stimulatory effects of humic substances on plant growth. PP. 103-129. In: Magdoff, F. and Ray, R. (Eds.), Soil Organic Matter in Sustainable Agriculture.
Clapp, C.E., Hayes, M.H.B., & Swift, R.S. (1993). Isolation, fractionation, functionalities, and concepts of structure of soil organic macromolecules. In: Beck, A.J., K.C. Jones, M.H.B. Hayes and U. Mingelgrin (Eds.), Organic Substances in Soil and Water, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge.
Datir, R.B., Apparao, B.J., & Laware, S.L. (2012). Application of amino acid chelated micronutrients for enhancing growth and productivity in chili (Capsicum annum L.). Plant Science Feed, 2(7), 100-105.
El-Nemr M.A, M. El-Desuki., El-Bassiony A.M., & Fawzy, Z.F. (2012). Response of growth and yield of cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus L.) to different foliar applications of humic acid and bio-stimulators. Australian Journal of Basic Applied Science, 6, 630-637.
El-Shabasi, M.S., Mohamed, S.M., & Mahfouz, S.A. (2005). Effect of foliar spray with some amino acids on growth, yield and chemical composition of garlic plants. Proc. the 6th Arabian Conference for Horticulture, March 20-22, Faculty of Agric., Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
Emami, A. (1996). Description of plant decomposition methods. first volume. Technical Journal No. 982. Soil and Water Research Institute. Tehran. Iran
Faramarzpour, A., Delshad, M., & Parsinejad, M. (2012). Evaluation of growth, yield and water use efficiency in greenhouse cucumber in different soil moisture conditions using tensiometer. Horticultural Sciences of Iran, 43 (3), 285-292.
Ghasemi, S., Khoshgoftarmanesh, A.H., Hadadzadeh, H., & Jafari, M. (2012). Synthesis of iron-amino acid chelates and evaluation of their efficacy as iron source and growth stimulator for tomato in nutrient solution culture. Journal of Plant Growth Regulators. 31(4), 498-508.
Ghoname, A., El-Bassiouny, A., Abdel-Mawgoud, A., El-Tohamy, W. and Gruda, N. (2012). Growth, yield and blossom-end rot incidence in bell pepper as affected by phosphorus level and amino acid applications. Gesunde Pflanz. 64(1), 29-37.
Hassan, N.K., Shafeek, M.R., Saleh, S.A., & EL-Greadly, N.H.M. (2013). Growth, yield and nutritional values of onion (Allium cepa L.) plants as affected by bioregulato and Vitamin E under newly reclaimed lands. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 9(1), 795-803.
Karakurt, Y., H, Unlu., & Padem, H. (2009). The influence of foliar and soil fertilization of humic acid on yield and quality of pepper. Acta Agriculture, 59, 233-237.
Kowalczyk, K., & Zielony, T. (2008). Effect of aminoplant and asahi on yield and quality of lettuce grown on rockwool. Proc. Conf. of Biostimulators in Modern Agriculture, 7-8 Febuary, Warsaw, Poland.
Mahmoud, A.R., EL-Desuki., Abdel-Mouty, M., & Ali, A. H. (2013). Effect of compost levels and yeast extract application on the pea plant growth, pod yield and quality. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 9(1), 149-155.
Marschener, H. (1995). Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. (2nd ed.), Academic Press, London.
Mora, V., Bacaicoa, E., & Zamarreño, A. (2010) Action of humic acid on promotion of cucumber shoot growth involves nitrate-related changes associated with the root-to-shoot distribution of cytokinins, polyamines and mineral nutrients. Journal of Plant Physiology, 167, 633-642.
Nardi, S., Pizzeghello, D., & Vianello, A. (2002). Physiological effects of humic substances on higher plants. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 34, 1527-1536.
Peyvast, G. A. (2005). Vegetables. (4th ed.), Daneshpazir, Rasht, 346 pages.
Rauthan, B.S., & Schnitzer, M. (1981). Effects of a soil fulvic acid on the growth and nutrient content of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) plants. Plant and Soil, 63, 491-495.
Sánchez-Sánchez, A., Sánchez-Andreu, J., Juárez, M., Jordá, J., & Bermúdez, D. (2002). Humic substances and amino acids improve effectiveness of chelate FeEDDHA in lemon trees. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 25, 2433-2442.
Shafeek, M. R., Helmy, Y. I., Ahmed, A. A., & Shalaby, M. A. F. (2014). Productivity of snap bean plants by spraying of some antioxidant's materials under sandy soil conditions in plastic house. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research, 3(1), 100-105.
Shehata, S. A., Hassan, H.A., & Mervat F. (2016). Improving the Productivity and Quality of The Cucumber Crop Grown Under Greenhouse Conditions Using Some Stimulants and Spraying Amino Acids. Journal of Plant Production, 7(4), 385-392.
Souri, M.K., & Rousta, J. (2011). Study of growth and developmental characteristics of pepper plant under the influence of different ratios of ammonium to nitrate. Iranian Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 42, 316-318.
Young, C.C., & Chen, Y. (1997). Polyamines in humic acid and their effect on radical growth of lettuce seedlings. Plant and Soil, 195, 143-149.
Zachariakis, M., Tzorakakis, E., Kritsotakis, I., Siminis, C.I., & Manios, V. (2001). Humic substances stimulate plant growth and nutrient accumulation in grapevine rootstocks. Acta Horticulture, 549, 131-136.