عنوان مقاله [English]
In order to investigate the effect of foliar application of potassium sulfate (K2SO4; 0, 1.5 and 3 percent) and iron chelate (Fe-EDDHA; 0, 0.5 and 1 percent) on fruit set, fruit yield and quality, leaf mineral nutrient content, raisin yield and autumn and winter cold tolerance of ‘Bidaneh-Sefid’ grapevine, a factorial experiment was done based on randomized complete blocks design in a commercial vineyard in Bahareh village of Malayer city during 2016-17. The highest fruit set percentage and yield was achieved in 1.5 percent of K2SO4 in combination with 0.5 percent iron chelate. Berries K, Fe and Mn concentration had a positive and significant correlation with fruit yield per vine. Raisin yield was found to be highest in combined treatments of 1.5 percent K2SO4 and 1 percent Fe-EDDHA and the lowest raisin yield was related to control vines. The highest autumn cold hardiness was recorded in K2SO4 (3%) × Fe-EDDHA (1%) treated vines. However, the highest winter cold tolerance was achieved in K2SO4 (3%) × Fe-EDDHA (0.5%) treated vines. The lowest cold tolerance was observed in control vines. There was a positive and significant correlation between cold tolerance and K content and negative correlation with Mg concentration. Totally, the highest fruit and raisin yields and their desirable qualities were obtained with K2SO4 and Fe-EDDHA at moderate concentration. However, the highest buds cold tolerance was obtained with the combination of these fertilizers at higher doses.
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