نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 استاد، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

3 دانشیار، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

10.22059/jci.2021.308522.2439

چکیده

به­منظور بررسی تأثیر کودهای زیستی و پوترسین بر عملکرد و برخی صفات گندم در سطوح مختلف آبیاری، آزمایشی به­صورت فاکتوریل بر پایه بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی در سال­ زراعی 98-1397 اجرا شد. فاکتورهای موردبررسی شامل آبیاری (آبیاری کامل به‌عنوان شاهد، قطع آبیاری در50 درصد مراحل خوشه­دهی و آبستنی)، کودهای زیستی (عدم کاربرد کودهای زیستی، کاربرد میکوریز، کاربرد هم‌زمان سودوموناس و فلاوباکتریوم، کاربرد هم‌زمان میکوریز با سودوموناس و فلاوباکتریوم) و محلول­پاشی پوترسین (محلول­پاشی با آب به­عنوان شاهد، 5/0 و یک میلی­مولار) بودند. مقایسه میانگین­ها نشان داد که حداکثر محتوای نسبی آب برگ پرچم، شاخص کلروفیل، هدایت روزنه­ای و عملکرد کوانتومی، در شرایط آبیاری کامل با کاربرد هم‌زمان میکوریز با سودوموناس و فلاوباکتریوم و محلول­پاشی یک میلی­مولار پوترسین به­دست آمد. محلول­پاشی یک میلی­مولار پوترسین در مقایسه با عدم کاربرد پوترسین، عملکرد دانه را حدود 5/8 درصد افزایش داد. هم‌چنین بالاترین عملکرد دانه (44/799 و 38/746 گرم در مترمربع)، به­ترتیب با کاربرد هم‌زمان سودوموناس و فلاوباکتریوم و کاربرد هم‌زمان میکوریز با سودوموناس و فلاوباکتریوم در شرایط آبیاری کامل و کم‌ترین آن (42/403 گرم در مترمربع) در شرایط قطع آبیاری در آبستنی و عدم کاربرد کودهای زیستی به‌دست آمد. به­نظر می­رسد کودهای زیستی و پوترسین می­تواند به­دلیل بهبود برخی صفات فیزیولوژیک، عملکرد دانه گندم را تحت شرایط محدودیت آبی افزایش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of putrescine and bio fertilizers on grain yield and some physiological indices of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. (at various irrigation levels

نویسندگان [English]

  • alireza mohseni 1
  • Raouf Seyed sharif 2
  • saeid khomari 3

1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.

چکیده [English]

In order to study the effect of bio fertilizers and putrescine on yield and some traits of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at various irrigation levels, a factorial experiment was conducted based on randomized complete block design with three replications at the research farm of University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, during 2018-2019. The factors include irrigation (full irrigation as control, irrigation withholding at 50% of heading and booting stages), bio fertilizers (no bio fertilizer, application of mycorrhiza, both application Psedomunas and Flavobacterim, application of mycorrhiza with Psedomunas and Flavobacterim) and putrescine foliar application (foliar application with water as control, foliar application with 0.5 and 1 mM of putrescine). Comparison of the means showed that the maximum amount of relative water content of flag leaf; chlorophyll index, stomatal conductance and quantum yield were obtained in full irrigation, application of mycorrhiza with Psedomunas and Flavobacterim and foliar application 1 mM of putrescine. Foliar application 1 mM of putrescine increased grain yield of about 8.5% in comparison with no application of putrescine. Also, the highest grain yield (799.44 and 746.38 g.m-2) were obtained with application of both Psedomunas and Flavobacterim, as well as application of mycorrhiza with Psedomunas and Flavobacterim, respectively under full irrigation conditions. In the meantime, the lowest (403.42 g.m-2) belongs to the treatment under irrigation withholding in booting stage, without the application of bio fertilizer. It seems that application of putrescine and bio fertilizers can increase grain yield of wheat under water limitation conditions as it improves some physiological traits.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • relative water content؛ Flavobacterim
  • Mycorrhiza
  • polyamin
  • Psedomunas
  • Water limitation
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