Abdollahi, F., & Mohammaddust-Chamanabad, H.R. (2017). The competitive response investigation of 18 wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars with wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis). Plant Protection, 30, 629-638.
Akbar, N., Iqbal, M.A., & ZamanKhan, H. (2011). Agro-qualitative response of two cultivars of chickpea to different sowing techniques under irrigated conditions of Faisalabad. Crop and Environment, 2(1), 19-23.
Aminpanah, H. (2011). Response of more and less competitive rice cultivars to different densities of barnyardgrass. Electronic Journal of Crop Production, 4(4), 67-84.
Amjad, M., Sultan, M., Anjum, M.A., & Ayyub, C.M. (2002). Response of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) to various doses of N & P and different plant spacing. Pakistan Journal Research Science, 13 (1), 19-29.
Ansarul Haq, S., Korieng, K, J., Shiekh T.A., Bahar F.A., Dar, K.A., Raja, W., Wani, R.A., & Khuroo, N.S. (2018). Yield and quality of winter cereal-legume fodder mixtures and their pure stand under temperate conditions of Kashmir Valley, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7(2), 3626-3631.
Baradari Bajeh, Baj, J., Nasri, M., & Zarghami, R. (2013). Yield evaluation and components of canola (Hyola-401) species in different densities of seeds influenced by chemical, farmyard manure, vermicompost and biological fertilizers. International Journal of Agricultural Crop Science, 6, 305-612.
Barzali, M., Nasri, M., & Karimifar, M. (2016). Effect of plant density on some growth and physiological responses, and antioxidant enzymes activities of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under different irrigation levels. Journal of Plant Environmental Physiology, 11, 25-38.
Canevary, W.M. (2006). Weeds in seeding alfalfa. University of California. UC ANR publication 3430. USA.
Chang, K.F., Ahmed, H.U., Hwang, S.F., Gossen, R.J., Warkentin, T.D., Strelkov, S.E., & Blade, S.F. (2007). Impact of cultivar, row spacing and seeding rate on ascochyta blight severity and yield of chickpea. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 87, 395-403.
Challaiah, R.E., Burnside, O.C., Wicks, G.A., & Johnson, V.A. (1986). Competition between winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) cultivars and downy brome (Bromus tectorum). Weed Science, 34, 689- 693.
Chauhan, B.S. (2012). Weed ecology and weed management strategies for dryseeded rice in Asia. Weed Technology, 26, 1-13.
Drew, E., Vadakattua, G., & Lawrence, L. (2006). Herbicide limit nitrogen fixation ability farming ahead. Crop Puls. 176, 28-30.
Ebrahimi M., Pouryousef M., Rastgoo M., & Saba J. (2012). Effect of sowing date, plant density and weeds on soybean (Glycine max L.) growth Indices. Journal of Plant Protection, 26, 178-190. (In Persian).
Gaur, P.M., Tripathi, S., Gowda, C.L.L., Ranga Rao, G.V., Sharma, H.C., Pande, S., & Sharma, M. (2010). Chickpea Seed Production Manual. Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research. Institute for the Semi- Arid Tropics. 28 p.
Hosseini S.M.N., Mansourifar, C., & Saeidi, M. (2020). Effect of irrigation cut from initiation of flowering and podding till maturity on yield and its components in prevalent chickpea cultivars in Kermanshah region. Iranian Journal of Pulses Research, 11, 136-175.
Icek, N.C., & Akirlar, H.C. (2008). Effects of salt stress on some physiological and photosynthetic parameters at three different temperatures in six soya bean (Glycine max L.) cultivars. Agronomy & Crop Science, 194, 34-46.
Javadi, H., Rashed Mohassel, M., & Azari Nasrabad, E. (2008). Effect of plant density on agronomic characteristics chlorophyll content and stem remobilization percentage in four grain sorghum (sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) varieties. Iranin Journal of Crop Research, 5(2), 271-279. (In Persian).
Jukanti, A.K., Gaur, P.M., Gowda, C.L., & Chibbar, R.N. (2012). Nutritional quality and health benefits of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): a review. British Journal of Nutrition, 108, 11-26.
Kavurmaci, Z., Karadavut, U., Kokten, K., & Bakoglu, A. (2010). Determining critical period of weed-crop competition in faba bean (Vicia faba). International Journal of Agricultural Biology, 12, 318-320.
Khan, I.A., Khan, R., Hassan, G., Waqas, M., Shah, S.M.A., & Khan, S.A. (2018). Integrated approaches for weed suppression in chickpea (Cicer arietinum) under residual moisture after rice crop. Planta Daninha, 36, 1-18.
Kobraee, S., Shamsi, K., & Rasekhi, B. (2010). Investigation of correlation analysis and relationships between grain yield and other quantitative traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(16), 2342-2348.
Kropff, M., & Van laar, H.H. (1993). Modeling crop-weed interactions. CAB international. Wallingford. UK.
Kujur, A., Upadhyaya, H.D., Bajaj, D., Gowda, C.L.L., Sharma, S., Tyagi, A.K., & Paridam S.K. (2016). Identification of candidate genes and natural allelic variants for QTLs governing plant height in chickpea. Scientific Reports, 6, 27968.
Liu, P., Gan, Y., Warkentin, T., & Mc Donald, C. (2003). Morphological plasticity of chickpea in a semiarid environment. Crop Science. 43, 426-429.
Majnoun Hosseini, N., Mohammadi, H., Pustini, K., & Zeinali Khanghah, H. (2003). Effect of plant density on agronomic characteristics, chlorophyll content and stem remobilization percentage in chickpea cultivars (Cicer arietinum L.). Iranian Journal of Agricultural Science, 34(4), 1011-1019. (In Persian).
Maleky, A., Heidary Moghaddam, A., Siyadat, S.A., & Tahmasebi, A. (2011). Effect of supplemental irrigation on yield, yield components and seed protein percentage of three chickpea cultivars in Ilam. Journal of Crop Ecophysiology, 19(5), 65-78. (In Persian).
Martin, S.F., Van Acker, R.C., & Friesen, L.F. (2001). Critical period of weed control in spring canola. Weed Science, 49, 326-333.
Merga, B., & Alemu, N. (2019. Integrated weed management in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Cogent Food Agriculture, 5, 1-18.
Nakhzari Moghaddam, A., Parsa, N., Sabouri, H., & Bakhtiari S. (2017). The effect of humic acid, density and supplementary irrigation on quantity and quality of local chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) of Neishabur. Environmental Stresses in Crop Sciences, 10, 183-192.
Namdari, A., Kanouni, H., Ahmadi, H., & Ismaili, A. (2019). Evaluation of some agricultural characteristics of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes in autumn dryland sowing in Kurdistan province. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science, 51, 1-14.
Nawab, N.N., Subhani G.M., & Ullah, M.N. (2013). Patterns of morphological diversity and character association in chickpea genotypes through multivariate approach. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 23(4), 1107-1114.
Nourollahi, F., Mohammaddoust-Chamanabad, H.R., Hasanpanah, D., & Anvar, M. (2020). Evaluating the Competitive Ability of Potato Cultivars with Weeds. Journal of Crop Improvement, 22, 657-669.
Padhi, E.M.T., & Ramdath, D.D. (2017). A review of the relationship between pulse consumption and reduction of cardiovascular disease risk factors. Journal of Functional Foods, 38, 635-643.
Pang, J., Wang, Y., Lambers, H., Tibbett, M., Siddique, K.H.M., & Ryan, M.H. (2013). Commensalism in an agroecosystem: hydraulic redistribution by deep-rooted legumes improves survival of a droughted shallow-rooted legume companion. Physiologia Plantarum, 49, 79-90.
Pirzahiri, K., Kanouni, H., & Rokhzadi, A. (2020). Response of some Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Varieties to Changes in Plant Density. Joural of Crop Ecophysiology, 14, 293-310.
Rashidzadeh, B.A., Elahifard, E., Siahpoush, A., & Farkhari, M. (2019). Effect of crop density and sowing date on the growth indices and weed control of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Electronic Journal of Crop Production, 12, 53-68.
Sadeghzadeh Ahari, D. (2020). Evaluation of chickpea genotypes responses to supplementary irrigation in Maragheh region. Iranian Journal of Pulses Research, 11, 88-99.
Saleeb, S.R., & Al-Assily, K.A. (2001). Effect of irrigation regime and some weed control treatments on lentil yield and associated weeds. Annals of Agricultural Sciences. (Cario), 46(2), 605-617.
Swanton, C.J., & Weise, S.F. 1999. Integrated weed management: The rational and approach. Weed Technology, 5, 657-663.
Watson, P.R., Derksen, D.A., & Van Acker, R.C. (2006). The ability of 29 barley cultivars to compete and withstand competition. Weed Science, 54, 783-792.
Zakeri Nezhad, R., Yousefi Rad, M., & Hani, A. (2016). Effect of supplemental irrigation on yield and yield components of dried chickpea in Azad cultivar in Kharaghan area, Markazi province. Third National Conference on Modern Issues in Agriculture, Saveh, 28-32.
Zand, E., & Beckie, H. (2002). Competitive ability of hybrid and open pollination canola with wild oat. Candian Journal of Plant Science, 82, 473-480.