نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مهندسی تولید و ژنتیک گیاهی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

2 استاد، گروه مهندسی تولید و ژنتیک گیاهی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

چکیده

به­منظور بررسی تأثیر کودهای مختلف کلات­شده نانو و آمینواسید بر عملکرد دانه، عملکرد بیولوژیکی، شاخص برداشت، کمیت و کیفیت روغن، محتوای نشاسته و درصد پروتئین در دانه ذرت، دو آزمایش مزرعه‌ای به­صورت طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با 16 تیمار و سه تکرار به­طور هم‌زمان در دو مکان مختلف دانشگاه ارومیه و شهرستان عجب­شیر در سال زراعی 1396 به اجرا در آمد. نتایج نشان دادند بیش‌ترین مقدار محتوای نشاسته (66/80 درصد)، پروتئین (70/12 درصد) و شاخص برداشت (60/34 درصد) مربوط به تیمار کودی نانوکلات NPK، بیش‌ترین میزان روغن (98/4 درصد)، عملکر دانه (16596 کیلوگرم در هکتار) و عملکرد بیولوژیکی (52393 کیلوگرم در هکتار) مربوط به آمینوکلات آهن و بیش‌ترین وزن 100 دانه (34/36 گرم) در ذرت مربوط به نانوکلات روی بود که به‌ترتیب 03/22 درصد، 92/30 درصد، 66/23 درصد، 44/25 درصد، 81/50 درصد، 15/33 درصد و 65/24 درصد بیش‌تر از تیمار شاهد است. استفاده از آمینوکلات منیزیم، آمینوکلات میکرومیکس، آمینوکلات پتاسیم و نانوکلات NPK مقدار اسیدهای چرب اشباع را بیش‌تر از سایر کودها افزایش داد، اما کودهای نانوکلات مس، آمینوکلات فسفر، کود کبوتری و سالیسیلیک‌اسید محتوای اسیدهای چرب غیراشباع را به­ترتیب 04/16 درصد، 35/16 درصد، 44/17 درصد و 29/20 درصد نسبت به تیمار شاهد افزایش دادند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Foliar Application of Nano and Amino Acid Fertilizers on some Biochemical Properties of Grain and Yield of Corn

نویسندگان [English]

  • hossein khoshvaghti 1
  • mahdi taj bakhsh 2

1 Ph.D. Student, Department of plant production and genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of plant production and genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effect of various chelated nano and amino acid fertilizers on grain yield, biological yield, harvest index, oil quantity and quality, starch content and percentage of protein in corn grain, an experiment has been conducted based on a randomized complete block design with 16 treatments and three replications simultaneously in Urmia University and Ajabshir during the 2017 cropping year. Results show that the highest content of starch (80.66%), protein (12.70%), and harvest index (34.60%) related to NPK nano-chelate fertilizer treatment, the highest amount of oil (4.98%), grain yield (16596 kg / ha), and biological yield (52393 kg / ha) are related to iron amino chelate and the highest weight of 100 grains (36.34 g) is related to zinc nano chelate, which are 22.03%, 30.92%, 23.66%, 25.44%, 50.81%, 33.15%, and 24.65% more than the control treatment, respectively. The use of magnesium amino chelate, micro-mix amino chelate, potassium amino chelate, and NPK nano-chelate increase the amount of saturated fatty acids more than other fertilizers, but Copper nano-chelate, phosphorus amino-chelate, pigeon, and salicylic acid fertilizers increase the content of unsaturated fatty acids by 16.04%, 16.35%, 17.44%, and 20.29%, respectively, compared to the control treatment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chelated
  • Fatty acids
  • Oil quality
  • percentage of protein
  • Starch content
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