نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، بخش علوم و مهندسی باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی شهرکرد، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.

2 استادیار، بخش مکانیک بیوسیستم، دانشکده کشاورزی شهرکرد، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.

3 استادیار، بخش علوم و مهندسی باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی شهرکرد، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.

4 استادیار، بخش گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی شهرکرد، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.

5 دانشیار، بخش مکانیک بیوسیستم، دانشکده کشاورزی شهرکرد، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.

چکیده

تنش­های زیستی و غیرزیستی منجر به تولید گونه­های فعال اکسیژن (ROS) در گیاهان، آسیب به گیاه میزبان، کاهش قدرت آن و گاهی مرگ گیاه می‌شوند. گل رز شاخه‌بریده، یکی از محبوب­ترین گیاهان زینتی است که به بیماری گال طوقه ناشی از Agrobacterium tumefaciens دچار می­شود. برای بررسی فعالیت برخی آنزیم­های آنتی‌اکسیدانت و شاخص‌های فیزیولوژیک در دو رقم رز شاخه‌بریده، مایه­کوبی عامل گال، به­صورت طرح فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در زمان پیوند به‌روش استنتینگ در گلخانه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه شهرکرد در شهریورماه 1399 انجام شد. تیمار­ها شامل آلودگی (مایه‌کوبی سوسپانسیون اگروباکتریوم و مایه‌کوبی آب) به­عنوان عامل اول و تیمار رقم (Angelina و Pearl) به­عنوان عامل دوم بودند. سه ماه پس از پیوند، نتایج نشان داد برهم‌کنش رقم و آلودگی (باکتری) بر صفات نشت یونی، پرولین و گایاکول پراکسیداز در سطح احتمال یک درصد اثر معنی­دار داشت. بیش‌ترین میزان قند­های محلول، MDA و پروتئین در نمونه­های آلوده به‌ترتیب 6/ 298 میکروگرم بر گرم بر وزن تر، 6/488 میکرومول بر گرم در وزن تر و 7/36 میلی­گرم بر گرم بر وزن تر مشاهده شد و بیش‌ترین RWC و سطح برگ در نمونه­های سالم به‌ترتیب به میزان 5/68 درصد و 5/21 سانتی­مترمربع بود. در این پژوهش مایه­کوبی عامل گال طوقه، موجب ایجاد گونه­های فعال اکسیژن و تنش اکسیداتیو و ایجاد تغییر در لیپید­ها، قند­های محلول و پروتئین کل شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of some physiological parameters and antioxidant enzymes in two rose cultivars ("Pearl" and "Angelina") under Agrobacterium tumefaciens strees

نویسندگان [English]

  • Akram Vatankhah 1
  • Saeed Reezi 2
  • Zahra Izadi 3
  • Abdorahman Motamedi 4
  • Mahdi Ghasemi Varnamkhasti 5

1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Science and Horticultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Biosystem Mechanics, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Science and Horticultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran.

5 Associate Professor, Department of Biosystem Mechanics, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Biotic and abiotic stresses lead to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in plants, damage to the host plant, reduction of its strength, and sometimes plant death. Cut flower rose is one of the most popular ornamental plants, suffering from crown gall caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. In order to investigate the activity of some antioxidant enzymes and physiological characteristics in two cultivars of cut roses, A. tumefaciens inoculation was performed as a factorial design in a completely randomized design with three replications at the time of grafting by stenting method in Shahrekord university research greenhouse in September 2020. Treatments include contamination (Agrobacterium suspension inoculation and water inoculation) as the first factor and cultivar treatment (Angelina and Pearl) as the second factor. Three months after grafting, results show that the effect of cultivar/infection interaction has significant effect on ion leakage, proline, and guaiacol peroxidase at the level of one percent probability. The highest levels of soluble sugars, MDA and protein are observed in infected samples, 298.6 (μg/g Fw), 488.6 (µmolg-1 Fw) and 36.7 (mg/g Fw), respectively and the highest RWC and leaf area in healthy samples are 68.5% and 21.5 (cm2). In this study, inoculation of the crown gall lead to active oxygen species and oxidative stress, causing some changes in lipids, soluble sugars, and total protein.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Agrobacterium tumefaciens
  • Antioxidant Enzymes
  • biological stresses
  • Crown gall
  • Rosa hybrida
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