نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار، گروه کشاورزی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر محلول‌پاشی اسیدهای آمینه و کاربرد قارچ مایکوریزا بر ویژگی‌های کمی و کیفی گیاه دارویی همیشه‌بهار (Calendula officinalis L.) آزمایشی به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایه بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار، طی سال­های زراعی 99-1398 و 98-1397 در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تاکستان اجرا شد. عوامل آزمایشی شامل سه گونه قارچ مایکوریزا (شاهد، Glomus mosseae، G.etunicatum و G. intraradices) و سطوح کود اسیدآمینه سورن (این ترکیب تجاری حاوی انواع اسیدهای آمینه ضروری برای گیاه است) شامل بدون محلول‌پاشی و محلول‌پاشی در دو مرحله ساقه­دهی و گل­دهی بود. نتایج نشان داد تلقیح با مایکوریزا بر همه صفات موردبررسی معنی­دار بود. هم‌چنین اثر کود اسیدآمینه بر همه صفات به‌جز درصد اسانس و عملکرد عصاره اثر معنی­داری داشت. در بین مایکوریزاهای مورداستفاده، Glomus mosseae توانست در بیش‌تر صفات نسبت بقیه قارچ­ها برتری داشته باشد. بیش‌ترین عملکرد بذر از تیمار کود اسیدآمینه و Glomus mosseae با مقدار 2343 کیلوگرم در هکتار و بیش‌ترین عملکرد اسانس نیز از تیمار Glomus mosseae با مقدار 74/7 کیلوگرم در هکتار به‌دست آمد. با نتایج به‌دست‌آمده می­توان گفت استفاده از کودهای دارای اسیدآمینه به‌همراه تلقیح با مایکوریزا اثر مثبتی بر صفات گیاه دارویی همیشه‌بهار دارد.   

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Foliar Application of Amino Acids and Symbiosis with Mycorrhiza Species on the Characteristics of Pot Marigold ‎‎(Calendula officinalis L.)‎

نویسنده [English]

  • mehdi taheri asghari

Assistant Professor, Department of Agriculture, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effects of foliar application of amino acids fertilization and mycorrhizal fungi symbiosis on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of Calendula officinalis L., a factorial layout has been conducted, based on a randomized complete block design with three replications at the field of the research farm of Islamic Azad University, Takestan Branch during 2017-2018 and 2018-2019 years. Experimental factors include three species of mycorrhiza fungi (control, Glomus mosseae, G.etunicatum and G.intradices) and Soren amino acid fertilizer levels (this commercial compound contains a variety of essential amino acids for the plant) include no foliar application and foliar application in two stages of stem and flowering. The results show that inoculation with mycorrhiza species has been significant for all studied traits in this test. Also, the effect of amino acid fertilizer has had a significant effect on all traits, except essential oil percentage and extract yield. Among the mycorrhizae used in this experiment, Glomus mosseae is able to be superior over other fungi in most traits. The highest seed yield is obtained from amino acid fertilizer and Glomus mosseae with 2343 kg / ha and the highest essential oil yield is in Glomus mosseae with 7.74 kg / ha. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the use of amino acid fertilizers with inoculation with mycorrhiza has a positive effect on the traits of marigold.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Amino acid
  • . Biological fertilizer
  • Essential oil
  • Extract
  • . Mycorrhiza
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