نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، زراعت، دانشکده علوم زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه زراعت، دانشکده علوم زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران.

3 استاد، گروه زراعت، دانشکده علوم زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران.

4 استادیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده علوم زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران.

چکیده

آلودگی به علف‌های هرز در اراضی زراعی بسیار فراتر از یک گونه می‌باشد، بنابراین توجه به تداخل چند گونه‌ای علف‌های هرز از اهمیت خاصی برخوردار است. این مطالعه به‌منظور بررسی ارزیابی عملکرد و اسانس گیاه رازیانه تحت رقابت هم‌زمان تراکم­های علف­های هرز تاج‌خروس ریشه قرمز و سوروف در مزرعه پژوهشی دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک‌ کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در سال 1396 به اجرا در آمد. فاکتورهای آزمایش شامل سه سطح تراکم علف‌هرز سوروف (صفر، چهار و هشت بوته در مترمربع) و سه سطح تراکم علف‌هرز تاج‌خروس ریشه قرمز (صفر، چهار و هشت بوته در مترمربع) بودند. بیش‌ترین عملکرد دانه (2230 کیلوگرم در هکتار) و بیش‌ترین درصد اسانس (دو درصد) از تیمار عاری از علف هرز به‌دست آمد. در شرایط تداخل هشت بوته در مترمربع علف‌هرز تاج‌خروس و تراکم‎های صفر، چهار و هشت بوته در مترمربع سوروف، به‌ترتیب باعث 1/30، 9/62 و 7/75 درصد کاهش عملکرد دانه و 5/24، 2/26 و 5/29 درصد کاهش درصد اسانس نسبت به شرایط عدم آلودگی علف هرز شدند. ضریب قدرت رقابتی تاج‌خروس نسبت به سوروف بالاتر بود و تداخل 5/14 بوته در مترمربع سوروف و یا 7/7 بوته در مترمربع تاج‌خروس باعث 50 درصد افت عملکرد رازیانه شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Redroot Pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and Barnyard Grass (Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv) Interference on Yield and Essential Oil of Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • seyedeh roghaye hosseini valiki 1
  • Rahmat Abbasi 2
  • Hemmatollah Pirdashti 3
  • Vahid Akbarpour 4

1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Crop Science, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Crop Science, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran.

3 Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Crop Science, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture Science, Faculty of Crop Science, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Weed infestation in arable lands is much more than one species. Thus, it is important to pay attention to the interaction of multy species of weeds. To study the effect of redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) and barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv) interference on yield and essential oil of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.), an experiment has been done in Research field of Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University during 2017. It has been arranged in a factorial arrangement based on randomized complete block design with three replications with the experimental factors being three densities of redroot pigweed (0, 4, and 8 plants m-2) and three densities of barnyardgrass (0, 4, and 8 plants m-2). The highest grain yield (2230 kg ha-1) and essential oil content (2 %) are obtained at weed free plots. The density of 8 redroot pigweed plants m-2 at simultaneous interference with 0, 4, and 8 barnyard grass m-2 reduce grain yield by 30.1%, 62.9%, and 75.7%, and essential oil content by 24.5%, 26.2%, and 29.5%, respectively, compared with weed free plots. The coefficient of redroot pigweed competitivity is predicted to be higher than barnyardgrass, and the interference of 14.5 barnyardgrass plants m-2 or 7.7 redroot pigweed plants m-2 decreases fennel grain yield by 50%.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Density
  • Essential oil
  • interference
  • Weed Competitivity
  • Weed free
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