پهنه بندی کشت چغندرقند در استان آذربایجان غربی براساس سیستم های کشت و آبیاری در سامانه اطلاعات جغرافیایی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 محقق بخش نهال و بذر، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان آذربایجان غربی، ارومیه، ایران.

2 استادیار، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی اهر، دانشگاه تبریز، اهر، ایران.

چکیده

به­منظور ارزیابی و پهنه­بندی مناطق با بهره­وری بالا کشت چغندرقند براساس شاخص­های سیستم­ کشت، نوع کشت و روش‌های آبیاری تحقیقی در قالب طرح آشیانه­ای در استان آذربایجان­غربی در سال زراعی 97-1396 انجام شد. از 11 شهرستان استان و در هر شهرستان بسته به اقلیم از سه روستا و در هر روستا به‌صورت تصادفی از سه زارع پرسشنامه تکمیل و نمونه­برداری لازم انجام شد. با استفاده از سامانه اطلاعات جغرافیایی پهنه­بندی انجام شد و مناطق با بهره­وری بالا برای صفات عملکرد ریشه، درصد و عملکرد قند، مقدار آب مصرفی، آب صرفه­جویی و کارایی مصرف آب مشخص شد. در بین شهرستان­های استان، شهرستان­های پیرانشهر و نقده به­دلیل بالاترین درصد و عملکرد قند و شهرستان پیرانشهر به­دلیل دارابودن کم‌ترین مقدار مصرف آب در سیستم آبیاری مدرن و کشت 40×60 و پاییزه و هم‌چنین بیش‌ترین کارایی مصرف آب به‌روش مدرن آبیاری و کشت پاییزه و 40×60 به‌عنوان شهرستان­های با بهره­وری بالا معرفی شدند و از طرفی براساس نتایج پهنه­بندی انجام‌شده شهرستان­های پیرانشهر، نقده، خوی، اشنویه، مهاباد، میاندوآب و بوکان به­عنوان مناطق با بهره­وری بالا برای کشت این گیاه و شهرستان­های شوط، سلماس، ارومیه و شاهین­دژ به‌عنوان مناطق با بهره­وری پایین بودند که با توجه به اهمیت آب در تولید چغندرقند، این شهرستان­ها به‌ویژه شهرستان شوط برای تولید این محصول توصیه نمی­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Zoning of sugar beet cultivation in West Azarbaijan province based on cultivation and irrigation systems in GIS

نویسندگان [English]

  • yaghoob habibzadeh 1
  • Sakineh Abdi 2
  • roya abedi 2
1 Researcher, Seed and Plant Improvement Section, Agricultural Research Center of West Azarbaijan Province, Urmia, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Ahar Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tabriz, Ahar, Iran.
چکیده [English]

For evaluation and zoning of sugar beet susceptible areas based on cultivation systems and irrigation regimes, a research has been conducted as a nested design in West Azarbaijan Province in 2017-2018. For this purpose, 11 counties have been used. In each county, based on the climate three villages have been visited, wherein three famers have been selected in random to complete the prepared questionnaires and take the samples. The measured traits from each field includes root yield, percent and yield of sugar, used water, water conservation, and water use efficiency in different cropping and irrigation systems. Geographic Information System (GIS) has been used for zoning and determining their susceptible areas. Results show that among the counties of the province, Piranshahr and Naghadeh have had the highest sugar content and yield with Piranshahr being introduced as the most susceptible counties, due to its lowest used water in modern irrigation and cultivation systems (60×40 and autumn) and highest water use efficiency in modern irrigation system and and 60 × 40 autumn cultivation systems. Based on the zoning, Piranshahr, Naghadeh, Khoy, Oshnaviyeh, Mahabad, Miandoab, and Bukan have had the most susceptible areas and Showt, Salmas, Urmia, and Shahindej have been unsuitable areas in this province for cultivation of this plant. Given the importance of water in sugar beet production, these counties, especially Showt, are not recommended for producing this plant.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Autumn cultivation of sugar beet
  • Booliean
  • Irrigation
  • Percent of sugar
  • Water use efficiency
Abbasi, A. P., Amani, H., & Zareian, M. (2014). Quantitative assessment of desertification status using MEDALUS model and GIS (Case study: Shamil Plain- Hormozgan province). Journal of RS and GIS for Natural Resources, 1(5), 87-97.
Adab, H., Fallah Ghalhari, G. A., & Mirzabayati, R. (2008). Evaluation of the Kriging interpolation and linear regression analysis based on DEM in a mapping annual rainfall in Khorasan Razavi province. Geomatics 2008 and 4th Conference unification geographical names, 11 May, Tehran,Iran. (In Persian).
Baghani, J., & Khoshbazm, R. (2007). Effects of irrigation systems of surface and drip on row crops. Ninth seminar of irrigation and reduce evaporation. (In persian).
Baghani, J. (2009). Comparison of the effects of furrow irrigation to trickle irrigation method on water use efficiency and yield of row sowing crops. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage, 2(2), 9-11. (In persian).
Bazgir, S. (2000). The potential of climatic zoning of dry land wheat (Case study Kurdistan province). Master of science thesis, Tehran University, 132p. (In Persian).
Ebadzadeh, H., Ahmadi, K., Mohammadnia Afrouzi, SH., Taghani, R. A., Abbasi, M., & Yari, SH.  (2017). Agricultural Statistics. Ministry of Agriculture-Jahad, 401 p. (In Persian).
Ebrahimipak, N. A., Pazera, E., Kaveh, F., Abedi, M. J., Sabagh farshi, A. A., & Farshi, A. A. (2008). The effect of deficit irrigation in different growth stages on quantity and quality on yield sugar beet and water use efficiency. Pajouhesh & Sazandegi, 78, 63-73. (In Persian).
Fabeiro, C., Martin de Santa Olalla, F., Lopez, R., & Dominguez, A. (2003). Production and quality of the sugar beet cultivated under controlled deficit irrigation conditions in a semi-arid climate. Agricultural Water Management, 62, 215-227.
FAO. (2018). World Food and Agriculture-Statistical Pocketbook. Rome. 254 pp. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Fathi hafshjani, E., Beygi Harchgani, H., Davoudian, A., & Tabatabaee, H. (2014). Comparison of spatial interpolation methods and selecting the appropriate method for mapping of nitrate and phosphate in the Shahrekord Aquifer. Journal of Irrigation and Water Engineering, 4(3), 51-63. (In Persian).
Ghadami Firouzabadi, A., Chaychi, M., & Seyedan. M. (2017). Effects of different irrigation systems on yield, some agronomic traits, and water productivity of different wheat genotypes and their economic assessment in Hamedan. Journal of Research in Agriculture, 31(2), 139-149. (In Persian).
Ghaemi, A. A., & Sadri, S. (2011). Effect of deficit irrigation by both ordinary and alternative tape and farrow methods on yield of sugar beet. Water & soil, 3(21),127-138.(In Persian).
Golinedjad, E., & Eivazi, A. (2019). The effect of super absorbant polymers and manure fertilizers on water use efficiency of wheat cultivars in different irrigation regimes. Crop production. In Press. (In Persian). 
Haghayeghi, S. A., & Ahmadi, M. (2013). Study on water productivity and yield simulation of autumnsown sugar beet in Khorasane Razavi province-Case study: Torbate-jam region. Final Report. No. 44904. Khorasane Razavi Agriculture Research Center, Iran. (In Persian).
Hajipour, M., Zakerinia, M., Ziaee, A. N., & Hesam, M. (2015). Water demand management in agriculture and its impact on water resources of Bojnourd basin with WEAP and MODFLOW models. Journal of Water and Soil Science, 22(4), 85-101. (In Persian).
Hanon, B., & Kaffka, S. (2004). The use of drip irrigation for sugar beet production. (On–line) http//www.use of drip irrigation .com.
Hanson, B., & May, D. (2004). Effect of subsurface drip irrigation on proceding tomato yield, water table depth, soil salinity, and profitability. Agricultural water management, 48, 1 -17.
Hassanli, A. M., Ahmadirad, Sh., & Beecham, S. (2010). Evaluation of the influence of irrigation methods and water quality on sugar beet yield and water use efficiency. Agricultural Water Management, 97, 357-362.
Hosseinian, S. H., Abdollahian, M., & Majnoun hosseini, N. (2015). Effect of bolting on the yield and quality of two sugarbeet varieties in autumn sowing areain Dezful region of Iran. Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences, 16(4), 265-277.
Javaheri, M. A., Najafinezhad, H., & AzadShahraki, F. (2006). Study of autumn sowing of sugar beet in Orzouiee area (Kerman province). Journal of Scientific and Research Quarterly of Agricultural Jahad. ISSN:1019-9632. No 71. (In Persian).
Jovzi, M., & Zare abyaneh, M. (2016). Water productivity and water use efficiency indexes of Sugar beet under different levels of water and nitrogen fertilizer. Journal of Water and Soil Conservation, 22(5), 145-159.
Karim zadeh-Moghaddam, M. (2006). Effect of sprinkler and furrow irrigation systems on water use efficiency and yield of sugar beet quality and quantity. National conference of managing irrigation and drainage networks. Chamran University, Faculty of Water Science. http://www.civilica.com/Paper-IDNC01-IDNC01_099.html (In Persian).
Kirchhoff, M., Tränkner, C., Kopisch-Obuch, F., & Jung, Ch. (2009). Selection for cold hardiness and late bolting for breeding winter beets. BAL Gumpenstein, 37, 173-175.
Maghami, Y., Ghazavi, R., Vali, A. A., & Sharafi, S. (2011). Evaluation of spatial interpolation methods for water quality zoning using GIS Case study, Abadeh Township. Geography and Environmental Planning, 22(2),171-182. (In Persian).
Mahmoudan, S., Kamkar, B., Abdi, O., & Bagherani, N. (2017). Comparison of wheat yield between common and modern management wheat cropping systems using Geographical Information System approach. Journal of Crop Production, 10(2), 1780-198. (In Persian).
Moayeri, M., & Sharifi, H. (2008). The determining of optimum level of water use of tow sugar beet varieties in north Khozestan. Final Report. No. 87/1183. Agriculture Research Center of Safiabade Dezful. Iran. (In Persian).
Mohammadian, R., Sadrghaen, H. (2013). Determination of suitable sowing pattern of sugar beet under tape drip irrigation system. Journal of Suger Beet, 2 (28),107-122.
Musaviy, M. N., Saeidabadi, R., & Fahr, R. (2010). Physical development modeling and determination of optimal location for the settlement of Sardasht population over the horizon of 1400 using Delphi and the Boolean Logic Methods in the GIS Environment. Urnan Regional Studies and Research, 2(6),35-54. (In Persian).
Nazarifar, M. H., Salari, A., & Momeni, R. (2018). Development of a nonlinear programming model for determination of optimal cropping pattern based on deficit irrigation scenarios. Iranian Journal of Soil and Water Research, 49(5),1055- 1070.
Nazarifar, M. H., & Momeni, R. (2011). Validation and evaluation of plant growth model of Crop System in determination of proper cropping pattern under deficit irrigation conditions. Case study of Shahid Chamran irrigation and drainage network. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 15(56), 49-61. (In Persian).
Nekooamal Kermani, M., & Mirabbasi, R. (2018). Assessment of interpolation methods in estimation of groundwater level (Case study: Sarkhon plain). Hydrogeology, 2(2),84-95. (In Persian).
Reinsdorf, E., & Koch, H. J. (2013). Modeling crown temperature of winter sugar beet and its application in risk assessment for frost killing in Central Europe. Agriculture for Meteorology, 28, 21-30.
Rezvani, S., Noroozi, A., & Azari, K. (2009). Final report of impact of different irrigation system on nitrogen and water use efficiency and the quality and quantity of sugar beet. S.B.S.I. Publishers, pp: 79. (In Persian).
Rinaldi, M., & Vonella, A. V. (2006). The response of autumn and spring sown sugar beet to irrigation in Southern Italy: Water and radiation use efficiency. Journal of Field Crops Research, 95, 103-114.
Haghayeghi, S. A., Alizadeh, A., Ahmadi, M., Bannayan, M., & Ansari, H. (2015). Effect of irrigation regimes on crop water use efficiency of autumn sugar beets grown on the Mashhad plain. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 16(3),15-30.
Sadrghein, H. (2012). Effects of drip tape irrigation on quantity and quality of sugar beet yield. Journal of Water Research in Agriculture, 26(3), 275-288.
Sanjani, S. (2013). Agro-Ecological zoning and yield gap for wheat, sugar beet and corn in Khorasan Province (Ph.D. thesis). Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdosi University. (In Persian).
Sarmadian, F., & Taghizadeh mehrjerdi, R. A. (2009). Accuracy assessment of geostatistical methods for zoning soil properties in Akhtaraba. Journal of Rang Watershed Management, 5, 377-388. (In Persian).
Tiwari, K., Ajai singh, N., & Mal, P. K. (2003). Effect of drip irrigation on yield of cabbage under mulch and no-mulch condition. Agricultural water management, 58, 19- 28.
Torabi, M., & Jahad Akbar, M. R. (2005). The effect of furrow irrigation, single row and double row planting on water use efficiency, quantity, and quality of sugar beet yield. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 6(22),15-22.
Yazdi Samadi, B., Rezaei, A., & Valyzadeh, M. (2006). Statistical designs in agriculture research, Tehran University Publications, Tehran, Iran. pp: 764. (In Persian).