عنوان مقاله [English]
The present study was performed to investigate the effects of mixed cropping on some morphological, yield, and yield components traits of different Triticale cultivars. Accordingly, an experiment was conducted as a randomized complete block design in the research farms of Birjand University in the 2018-2019 cropping season. Hence, experimental treatments such as 12 planting patterns of Pajh, Sanabad, and Jualinoo cultivars
were used in three replications. The results showed that the highest plant height and straw yield were obtained under the monocropping of Sanabad cultivar. Furthermore, the highest values of spike length, number of grain per spike, number of spike per square meter, number of grain per plant, 1000 grains weight, grain yield, and harvest index were obtained in the monocropping pattern of Pajh cultivar and mixed cropping of 70% Pajh and 30% Jualinoo treatments. The highest biological yield and content of leaf chlorophyll were achieved under application of 30% Pajh + 70% hybrid and 70% Pajh + 30% Jualinoo treatments, respectively. The results also showed that the higher value of the LER index was obtained under the application of mixed cropping of 70% Pajh+30% Sanabad, Pajh 30%+70% Sanabad, and Pajh 70%+30% Jualinoo than monocropping and other treatments. Therefore, in terms of yield stability, it is stated that the mixed cropping of 70% Pajh + 30% Jualinoo can be used instead of the monocropping patterns of different triticale cultivars in this study.