بررسی تأثیر گلایسین‌بتائین بر ‌‌رشد و عملکرد گل محمدی تحت تنش شوری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

استادیار، مرکز ملی تحقیقات شوری، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، یزد، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر گلایسین‌بتائین بر برخی ویژگی‌‌های رشدی و عملکرد گل محمدی آزمایشی به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با سه تکرار در سال زراعی 98-1397 در گلخانه تحقیقاتی مرکز ملی تحقیقات شوری انجام گرفت. تیمارها شامل چهار سطح شوری 2، 5، 8 و 11 دسی‌زیمنس بر متر و سه سطح بدون محلول‌پاشی (شاهد)، 50 و 100 میلی-مولار گلایسین‌بتائین بود. نتایج نشان داد که اثر ساده تنش شوری به جز بر تعداد شاخه در بوته و تعداد گلبرگ، اثر معنی‌‌داری بر سایر صفات مورد بررسی داشت. همچنین اثر ساده کاربرد گلایسین‌بتائین علاوه بر تعداد شاخه در بوته و تعداد گلبرگ بر ارتفاع و نسبت وزن گلبرگ به گل تأثیر معنی‌داری نداشت. بیش‌‌ترین تعداد گل در بوته، عملکرد گل و عملکرد اسانس در گیاهان تیمار شده با سطوح شوری 2، 5 و 8 دسی‌زیمنس بر متر مشاهده شد که به ترتیب نسبت به تیمار 11 دسی‌زیمنس بر متر دارای حدوداً 5/7 عدد گل، 5/29 گرم گل در بوته و 6 میلی‌‌گرم اسانس در بوته بالاتری برخوردار بودند. نتایج اثر متقابل شوری و گلایسین‌بتائین نشان داد که گیاهان تیمار شده با تنش شوری 2 دسی‌زیمنس بر متر و 100 میلی‌‌مولار گلایسین‌بتائین بالاترین ارتفاع (71 سانتی‌‌متر) و تیمار شوری 11 دسی‌زیمنس بر متر و بدون مصرف گلایسین‌بتائین پایین‌‌ترین ارتفاع (40 سانتی‌‌متر) را داشتند. به‌طور کلی کاربرد غلظت 50 میلی‌‌مولار گلایسین‌بتائین در شرایط بدون تنش شوری سبب تولید بالاترین وزن گل محمدی شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the effects of Glycine betaine on growth and flower yield of Damask Rose under salinity stress

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rostam YazdaniBiouki
  • Hossein Beyrami
Assistant Professor, National Salinity Research Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Yazd, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effect of glycine betaine (GB) on some growth and yield traits of Damask Rose, an experiment was conducted as factorial based on a completely randomized design with 3 replications at Research Greenhouse of National Salinity Research Center during 2018-19 growing season. The treatments were four levels of salinity: 2 (control), 5, 8 and 11 dS/m and three levels of GB: without application (control), spraying with 50 mM and 100 mM concentrations. The results showed that the main effect of salinity stress was significant on all studied characteristics, except branch number per plant and petal number. Moreover, the main effect of GB was significant on all measured traits, except branch number per plant, petal number, height and petal weight/flower weight ratio. The most flower number per plant, flower yield and essential oil yield were observed in stressed plants at 2, 5 and 8 dS/m salinity, had more 7.5 flower, 29.5 g flower weight per plant and 6 mg essential oil per plant than 11 dS/m, respectively. The interaction results between salinity stress and foliar application of glycine betaine showed that the treated plants with 2 dS/m and 100mM GB had the highest height (71 cm) and the treated plants with 10 dS/m and without application of GB had the lowest height (40 cm). In general, using 50 mM GB and without salinity stress caused the highest Damask Rose weight.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Essential oil
  • Essential oil yield
  • osmoprotectants
  • petal
  • spraying
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