تاثیر دور آبیاری، قارچ مایکوریزا و زئولیت بر عملکرد و کارآیی مصرف آب گیاه ماش

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ملاثانی، ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ملاثانی، ایران

3 استاد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ملاثانی، ایران

4 استادیار، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ملاثانی، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر دور آبیاری، قارچ مایکوریزا و کود زئولیت بر برخی صفات گیاه ماش، آزمایشی به‌صورت اسپلیت- فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در چهار تکرار در سال زراعی95-1394 در منطقه ایذه واقع در استان خوزستان اجرا شد. عامل اصلی شامل دور آبیاری در سه سطح (هفت، 10 و 13 روز) و عامل‌های فرعی شامل تلقیح مایکوریزایی (تلقیح و عدم تلقیح) و زئولیت (بدون مصرف و 2 تن در هکتار) به‌صورت فاکتوریل بود. نتایج تجزیه واریانس نشان داد تنها اثر متقابل آبیاری، مایکوریزا و زئولیت بر صفات وزن ساقه، تعداد دانه در غلاف و کارآیی مصرف آب معنی‌دار شد. بیشترین عملکرد دانه در دور آبیاری هفت روز در شرایط تلقیح و عدم تلقیح با قارچ و نیز دور آبیاری 10 روز در تیمار تلقیح شده با قارچ مایکوریزا مشاهده شد. استفاده از زئولیت در دور آبیاری 10 و 13 روز باعث افزایش در اکثر صفات گردید. نتایج کارآیی مصرف آب نشان داد استفاده از قارچ مایکوریزا و کود زئولیت، باعث افزایش کارآیی مصرف آب می شود به‌طوری‌که با افزایش دور آبیاری از هفت روز به 10 روز می‌توان با استفاده از قارچ مایکوریزا و زئولیت مانع از کاهش کارآیی مصرف آب شد. با توجه به نتایج به‌دست آمده از این پژوهش، با استفاده از قارچ مایکوریزا و کود زئولیت می‌توان فاصله آبیاری در گیاه ماش را در منطقه مورد مطالعه از هفت به 10 روز یک‌بار افزایش داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of circuit irrigation, mycorrehiza inoculation and zeolite on yield and water use efficiency of mung bean

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Abdollah Hosseini Chamani 1
  • Mohammad Hossain Gharineh 2
  • Abdol Mehdi Bakhshandeh 3
  • Amin Lotfi jalal-abadi 4
1 Former M.Sc. Student, Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Khuzestan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Mollasani, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Khuzestan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Mollasani, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Khuzestan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Mollasani, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Khuzestan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Mollasani, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In order to evaluate the effects of irrigation intervals, mycorrhizal fungi and zeolite fertilizer on some Mung bean traits, a factorial splitting experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with four replications in the Izeh region in July 2015-1016. The main factor included irrigation interval at three levels (7, 10 and 13 days) and various factors were Mycorrhiza inoculated (inoculated and non-inoculated) and zeolite (without consumption and 2 tons per hectare) as a factorial.The results of analysis of variance showed that only interaction effect of irrigation, mycorrhiza and zeolite on stem weight, number of seeds per pod and water use efficiency were significant. The highest grain yield was observed in irrigation intervals of seven days under inoculation and non-inoculation with fungus, as well as irrigation intervals of 10 days in inoculated mycorrhizal fungus. The use of zeolite in irrigation intervals of 10 and 13 days increased the most of traits. The results of water use efficiency showed that use of Mycorrhiza fungus and zeolite fertilizer increased water use efficiency. So that, by increasing the irrigation interval from 7 days to 10 days, using mycorrhiza and zeolite can prevent decreasing of water use efficiency. According to the results of this study, using mycorrhiza fungi and zeolite fertilizer can increase the irrigation interval of mung bean from seven to 10 days in the studied area.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Biological yield
  • harvest index
  • Fungus Inoculation
  • Number of seeds per pod
  • Water deficit

Abedi-Koupai, J., & Asad kazemi, J. (2006). Effect of a hydrophilic polymer on the field performance of an ornamental plant (Cupressus Arizonica) under reduced irrigation regimes. Iranian Polymer Journal, 15(9), 715-725.

Al-Busaidi, A., Yamamoto, T., Inoue, M., Eneji, A., Egrinya, M., & Irshad, M. (2008). Effects of zeolite on soil nutrients and growth of Barley following irrigation with saline water''. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 31(7), 1159 – 1173.

Azarpur, L., Adachi, K., & Senboku, T. (1999). Isolation and selection of indigenous Azospirillum spp. from a subtropical island, and effect of inoculation on growth of lowland rice under several levels of N application. Biological Fertilizers Soils, 28(2), 129–135.

Bakhtiari, A., Maleki, A., & Fasihi, Kh. (2014). Effect of irrigation intervals and different levels of fertilizer on yield and yield components of mung bean. The first National Conference on Medicinal Plants, Traditional Medicine and Organic Farming. 1-12. (In Persian)

Bahador, M., Abdali Mashhadi, A., Siadat, S.A., Fathi, Gh., & Lotfi Jalal-abadi, A. (2015). Effect of seed pelleting with zeolite and priming with Iron chelate on protein and seed yield of Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) varieties in Ahvaz. Iranian Journal of Pulses Research, 6(1), 32-41. (In Persian)

Daneshmandi, M. Sh., & Azizi, M. (2009). Investigation of the interaction of drought stress and application of mineral zeolite on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of Basil, a modified Hungarian cultivar. 6th Iranian Horticultural Science Congress, Gilan. Pp. 1272-1275. (In Persian)

Ehsani, M., & Khaledi, H. (2003). Recognition and promotion of agricultural water productivity in order to provide water and food security of the country. Iranian Irrigation and Drainage Committee. (In Persian)

English, M. J., & James, L. (1990). Deficit irrigation. II: Observation on Colombia basin. ASCE. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 116, 413-426.

Fadaei, J., Faraji, A., Dadashi, M.R., & Siahmarguee, A. (2017). The response of mung bean crop (VC-1973A genotype) to planting date, plant density and irrigation in Gorgan condition. Iranian Journal of Pulses Research, 8(1), 180-191. (In Persian)

Fateminejhad, P., Lary-Yazdy, H., & Rafiee M. (2018). Effect of aerosols and drought stresses on some physiological traits of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.). Applied Research in Field Crops, 30(2), 19-30. (In Persian)

Gharineh, M. H., & Nadian, H. (2011). Sustainable agriculture and solutions. Khuzestan, Agricultural and Natural Resources University of Ramin Khuzestan Press. P. 422. (In Persian)

Ghashang Mianch, R., Borzo, A., & Nemati, N. (2015). Effect of zeolite on yield and yield components of mung bean in Varamin area. Third International Conference on Agriculture and Sustainable Natural Resources. Karaj. p.156. (In Persian) 

Habib Porkashef, E., Gharineh, M. H., Shafeinia, A. R., & Roozrokh, M. (2016). Effect of different levels of zeolite on yield of red Bean (Phasaeolus vulgaris L.) under drought stress in Kermanshah climate condition. Plant Production Technology, 17(1), 141-151. (DOI): 10.22084/PPT.2017.2209. (In Persian).

Habibzadeh, Y., Zardoshti, M. R., Pirzad, A., & Jalilian, J. (2012). Effect of mycorrhizae fungi on growth indices and grain Yield of Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczk] under water deficit stress. Water and Soil Science (Journal Science & Technology of Agriculture & Natural Resource), 16, 57-69. (In Persian)

Khashei Siuki. A, Kouchakzadeh, M., Riahi, H., & Zanganeh sirdari, Z. (2008). Investigating the effects of natural zeolite clinoptilolite on natural trend of maize growth. Iran International Zeolite Conference (IIZC’08), April 29 – May 1, Tehran ,Iran..

Makarian, H., Shojaei, H., Damavandi, A., Nasiri Dehsorkhi, A., & Akhyani, A. (2017). The effect of foliar application of Zinc oxide in common and nanoparticles forms on some growth and quality traits of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) under drought stress conditions. Iranian Journal of Pulses Research, 8(2), 166-180. (In Persian). DOI: 10.22067/ijpr.v8i2.51644

Majnoun Hossini, N. (2004). Grain legume production. Tehran, University of Tehran. P. 240.

Marzban, Z.,  Ameriyan, M.R., & Mamarabadi, M. (2014). Responses of agronomic characteristics of Maize and Cowpea to mycorrhiza and mesorrhizobial bacteria in intercropping. Journal of Crop Ecophysiology (Agriculture Science), 8(2), 165-180. (In Persian)

Naidu, N., Grosoiah, V., Satyanarayna, A., & Raja Rajeswari, V. (1993). Variation in developmental and morpho–physiological traits under different envirenments and their relation to grain yield of greengram (Vigna radiata L.) Wilczek. Indian Journal Agriculture Science, 63(8): 473–478.

Nouriyani, H. (2013). Effect of water deficit tension on yield and yield components of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) in different planting densities. Crop physiology, 5(18), 35-47. (In Persian)

Parvizi, Kh., & Dashti, F. (2014). Evaluation the effect of symbiosis with mycorrhizal fungus on growing characteristics and minituber yield of Potato plantlets. Journal of horticulture science, 28(1), 96-106. DOI: 10.22067/jhorts4.v0i0.35126. (In Persian)

Polat, E., Karaca, M., Demir, H., & Naci Onus, A. (2004). Use of natural zeolite (clinoptilolite) in agriculture. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research, 12,183-189.

Sing, N.P., & Sinka, S.K. (1997). Water use efficiency in crop production. In: Water requirement and irrigation management of crops in India, ed. Water technology center. Pp, 289-335. Indian Agricultur20al Research Institute, New Delhi.

Tamini, A., Siadat, S.A., Noriani, H., & Valizadeh Ghalehnoei, M. (2012). Effect of irrigation and density on yield and yield components of mash in Dezful climate. National Conference on Optimal Utilization of Water Resources. Islamic Azad University, Dezful Branch, p. 111. (In Persian)

Tabiei, H., & Baradaran, R. (2014). Effect of Irrigation Intervalsand Plantingdate on Agronomic Characteristics of Degen and Drfi (Securiger securidaca L.) in Birjand Region. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research, 12(1), 80-90. (In Persian)

Yari, S., Khalighi-Sigaroodi, F., & Moradi, P. (2013). Effects of Different Levels of Zeolite on Plant Growth and Amount of Gel Production in Aloe vera L. under Different Irrigation. Journal of medicine plants, 12(4), 72-81.  (In Persian)

Zabet, M., Hossenzadeh, A. H., Ahmadi, A., & Khialparast, F. (2004). Determination of the most effective traits in yield under two irrigation conditions in Mung Bean (vigna radiata) genotypes. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science (Iranian Journal  of Agricultural Science), 35(4), 839-849. (In Persian)