اثر سطوح سوپر جاذب آکوازورب بر رشد رویشی و زایشی نارنگی پیچ تحت شرایط تنش خشکی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه خاکشناسی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

2 استاد، گروه خاکشناسی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

3 استادیار، مؤسسة تحقیقات علوم باغبانی، پژوهشکدة مرکبات و میوه‌های نیمه‌گرمسیری، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، رامسر، ایران

4 دانشیار، مؤسسة تحقیقات علوم باغبانی، پژوهشکدة مرکبات و میوه‌های نیمه‌گرمسیری، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، رامسر، ایران.

چکیده

با توجه به محدودیت منابع آب کشور ایران، به‌کارگیری روش‌های نوین حفظ و ذخیره آب، مانند استفاده از پلیمرهای سوپرجاذب در خاک، یکی از راه‌کارهای مقابله با مشکل کم‌آبی می‌باشد. به‌همین منظور، جهت بررسی تاثیر سوپرجاذب بر رشد رویشی و زایشی نارنگی پیج در شرایط تنش خشکی، آزمایشی به‌‌صورت فاکتوریل بر پایه طرح کاملاً تصادفی با سه تکرار در پژوهشکده مرکبات و میوه‌های نیمه‌گرمسیری رامسر در سال 1395 اجرا شد. فاکتورها شامل سه سطح تنش خشکی (100، 75 و 50 درصد ظرفیت زراعی) و پلیمر سوپرجاذب (صفر، 25/0 و 5/0 درصد وزنی) بودند. نتایج نشان داد با افزایش تنش خشکی میزان نشت یونی، پرولین، ترکیدگی میوه و اسیدیته قابل تیتراسیون (TA) افزایش یافت. همچنین در 50 درصد ظرفیت زراعی، مصرف 5/0 درصد سوپرجاذب، به‌ترتیب موجب افزایش معنی‌دار 60، 15، 23 و 5/87 درصدی محتوای نسبی آب برگ، کلروفیل کل، پتانسیل آب برگ، عملکرد میوه و کاهش معنی‌دار 65 و 22 درصدی نشت یونی و کل مواد جامد محلول (TSS) نسبت به شرایط بدون مصرف سوپرجاذب شد. بنابراین به‌نظر می‌رسد سوپرجاذب با نگهداری آب غیر قابل استفاده، می‌تواند تحمل‌پذیری مرکبات را در مقابله با تنش رطوبتی افزایش ‌دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of SuperAbsorbent Polymer Aquasorb Levels on Vegetative and Reproductive Growth of Page Mandarin under drought stress condition

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zeinab Rafie-rad 1
  • Ahmad Golchin 2
  • Yahya Tajvar 3
  • Javad Fatahi-moghadam 4
1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Soil Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Zanjan University, Zanjan, Iran.
2 Professor, Department of Soil Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Zanjan University, Zanjan, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Horticultural Science Research Institute, Citrus and Subtropical Fruits Research Center, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Ramsar, Iran.
4 Associate Professor, Horticultural Science Research Institute, Citrus and Subtropical Fruits Research Center, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Ramsar, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Considering the limited water resources in Iran, utilization of modern methods of water conservation and preservation, such as the application of superabsorbent polymers in the soil, is one of the confront approaches of water deficit. For this purpose, in order to investigate the effect of superabsorbent on vegetative and reproductive growth of Page Mandarin in drought stress condition, a factorial experiment bases on the completely randomized design with three replications was conducted in 2016 at the Citrus and Subtropical Fruits Research Center of Ramsar. Factors were consisted of three levels of water stress (100, 75 and 50% of field capacity) and superabsorbent (0, 0.25 and 0.5% wt). The results showed that by increasing of water stress, amounts of electrolyte leakage, proline, fruit cracking and titratable acidity were increased. As well as 50% of field capacity level, 0.5% superabsorbent application was caused significantly increase leaf relative water content, total chlorophyll content, leaf water potential 60%, 15%, 23% and 87.5% and decrease electrolyte leakage and total soluble solids 65% and 22% respectively, compared with condition of treatment without applying superabsorbent. So, it seems that superabsorbent can increase the plant tolerance in counteracting moisture stress by maintaining unusable water.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Field capacity
  • Leaf water potential
  • Total chlorophyll
  • Total soluble solids (TSS)
  • yield
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