اثر کود‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌های شیمیایی و زیستی بر عملکرد دانه و ویژگی‌های بیوشیمیایی سیاه‌دانه در شرایط قطع آبیاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

چکیده

ببهمنظور بررسی کاربرد کودهای‌ شیمیایی و زیستی ازتو بارور 1 و فسفات بارور 2 بر عملکرد دانه، درصد روغن و ویژگی‌های بیوشیمیایی سیاه‌دانه در شرایط قطع آبیاری، آزمایشی به صورت کرت های یک بار خرد شده در قالب طرح پایه بلوک های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه زابل در سال زراعی 96-1395 انجام شد. عامل اصلی قطع آبیاری در چهار سطح شامل: آبیاری متداول، قطع آبیاری در مرحله ساقه رفتن تا شروع گلدهی، قطع آبیاری در مرحله گلدهی تا شروع پرشدن دانه‌ و قطع آبیاری در مرحله شروع پرشدن تا انتهای پر شدن دانه و عامل فرعی انواع کود در چهار سطح شامل: شاهد (عدم مصرف کود)، ازتو بارور ۱، فسفات بارور۲ و سوپر فسفات تریپل بودند. نتایج نشان دهنده بر‌هم‌کنش معنی دار قطع آبیاری و کود بر عملکرد دانه، درصد روغن، کربوهیدرات‌ها، پرولین، پروتئین کل، جذب نیتروژن، فسفر و پتاسیم بود. بیشترین عملکرد دانه، درصد روغن، پروتئین کل، نیتروژن، پتاسیم و فسفر از تیمار آبیاری متداول توأم با کاربرد کود زیستی ازتو بارور 1 و بیشترین میزان پرولین از تیمار قطع آبیاری در مرحله شروع پرشدن تا انتهای پرشدن دانه با کاربرد کود سوپرفسفات تریپل حاصل شدند. تیمار قطع آبیاری در مرحله شروع پر شدن تا انتهای پرشدن دانه توام با کاربرد کود فسفات بارور 2 بیشترین کربوهیدرات را به خود اختصاص داد. به طور کلی، نتایج نشاندهنده تأثیر مثبت کود‌های زیستی در بهبود شرایط تغذیه‌ای گیاهان در شرایط قطع آبیاری می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of chemical and biological fertilizers on seed yield and biochemiacal traits of black cumin (Nigella Sativa) under irrigation cutting conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Roghie Bamshad 1
  • Mahmoud Ramroudi 2
  • Mohammad Asgharipour 2
1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effects Azoto of irrigation cutting and chemical and biological fertilizers, Azoto Barvar 1 and phosphate Barvar 2 on grain yield, essential oil and biochemical properties cumin, an experiment was conducted as split plot based on a randomized complete block design with three replications at the University of Zabol Research Farm during 2016. Main plots included four levels of irrigation cutting; conventional irrigation, irrigation cutting in between stem elongation to flowering, irrigation cutting in between flowering to beginning of the grain filling period and irrigation cutting in between beginning to end of grain filling period. The subplot was the different type of phosphorous fertilizer including control (no fertilizer application), Azoto Barvar 1 and Phosphate Barvar 2 and triple superphosphate. Results indicated that the interaction of irrigation cutting and phosphorous fertilizer was significant on seed yield, oil percentage, carbohydrates, proline, total protein, absorption of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium. The greatest seed yield, oil percentage, total protein, nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus obtained at conventional irrigation along with the application of Azoto Barvar 1, while the greatest proline was achieved at irrigation cutting between beginnings to the end of grain filling period along with the application of triple superphosphate. The greatest carbohydrate was observed at irrigation cutting between beginnings to the end of the grain filling period along with the application of Phosphate Barvar 2. In conclusion, results indicated positive effects of biofertilizers on the improvement of nutritional conditions of plants under irrigation cutting conditions

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Biofertilizer
  • Carbohydrate
  • Medicinal plant
  • proline
  • Superphosphate

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