اثر زمان و مکان کاشت بر کیفیت برخی ارقام محلی و اصلاح شده گل شب بو مناسب برای کشت در شهرستان بردسیر کرمان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

استادیار، گروه تولیدات گیاهی، دانشکده کشاورزی بردسیر، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران.

چکیده

جهت بررسی مناسب‏ترین تاریخ کاشت، مکان کاشت و رقم گل شب‏بو برای عرضه در فصل بهار، آزمایشی به‏صورت کرت‏های دوبار خرد شده در قالب طرح بلوک‏های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در گلخانه تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی بردسیر، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان در سال 1395 اجرا شد. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل تاریخ کاشت (15 شهریور، 15 مهر، 15 آبان، 15 آذر و 15 دی) به عنوان عامل اصلی، مکان کاشت (داخل و بیرون گلخانه) به عنوان عامل فرعی و رقم (دو رقم محلی قرمز و سفید و دو رقم اصلاح شده بنفش و صورتی) به عنوان عامل فرعی-فرعی بودند. نتایج تجزیه واریانس نشان داد که تأثیر تاریخ کاشت بر صفات ارتفاع بوته، تعداد روز تا غنچه‎دهی و گلدهی، قطر گلچه و گل‎آذین، تعداد گلچه در بوته، وزن تر گلچه و گیاه و دوام گل در سطح احتمال یک درصد معنی‎دار بود، ولی اثر معنی‎داری بر ارتفاع گل‎آذین نداشت. تأثیر مکان کاشت بر کلیه صفات به استثنای ارتفاع بوته و گل‎آذین و تعداد برگ در بوته معنی‎دار بود. نتایج نشان داد با تاخیر در کاشت، تعداد روز تا غنچه‎دهی و گلدهی در همه ارقام و در هر دو مکان کاشت کاهش یافت. دوره رشد ارقام محلی به‏طور معنی‎داری طولانی‏تر از ارقام اصلاح شده بود. کاشت در بیرون از گلخانه شرایط مطلوب‎تری نسبت به داخل گلخانه داشت. به‏طورکلی، کاشت رقم محلی قرمز در 15 مهر و در شرایط بیرون گلخانه مناسب‏ترین شرایط برای عرضه شب‎بو در اول بهار بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of planting date and planting site on quality of some Brompton stock variety for production in Bardsir, Kerman

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasibeh Pourghasemian
  • Rohollah Moradi
  • Mehdi Naghizadeh
Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Productions, Agricultural Faculty of Bardsir, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In order to study the most suitable planting date, planting site and variety of hoary stock for the supplying at spring season, an experiment was conducted as split-split-plot arranged based on randomized complete block design with three replications at experiment station of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman in 2016-2017. Treatments were planting dates (5 September, 5 October, 5 November, 5 December, 5 January) assigned to main plot, planting sites (inside and outside of greenhouse) as subplot and variety (two red and white ecotypes and two violet and pink breeding varieties) as sub-subplot. The significant difference of planting date was detected in plant height, number of days to budding and flowering, floret and inflorescence diameter, number of florets per plant, fresh weight of floret and plant, and vase life of flowers but did not detect in inflorescence height. The planting site had significant effect on all the traits except plant height, inflorescence height, and leaf number per plant. The results showed that the delay in planting decreased number of days to budding and flowering in all the varieties and both planting sites. The growth period of local varieties was longer than the breeding varieties, significantly. Planting outside the greenhouse had more appropriate conditions than inside. In general, planting the local red variety at 5 October and out of greenhouse conditions was the most suitable treatment for supplying the hoary stock to the market on the first of spring.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Florets
  • Greenhouses
  • Inflorescences
  • Phenology
  • Vase life of flowers
Alkurdi, M., Khaled, H. & Supuka, J. (2015). Influence of planting date on growth, stem number formation and flower appearance of Matthiola incana L. Thaiszia Journal of Botany, 25(1), 29-39.

Christmas, E. P. (1996). Evaluation of planting date for winter canola production in indiana. In: Janic J. (Ed.), Progress in new crops. P. 278-281.

Ehteshami, M.R., Tehrani Aref, A. & Mohamadi, B. (2014). Effect of planting date on some phenological and morphological characteristics, yield and yield components of five rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) cultivar. Agronomy Journal (Pajouhesh & Sazandegi), 108, 111-120. (in Persian)

Gullen, J., Alexander, J.C. M., Brady, A., Brickell, C. D., Green, P S., Heywood, V. H., Jorgensen, P. M., Jury, S L., Knees, S G., Leslie, A. C. & Yeo, P. F. (1995). The European Garden Flora. Cambridge University. Great Britain, 138-139.

Hashemi Jazi, M. (2001). Effect of planting date on growth stages and some agricultural and physiological characteristics of 5 soybean cultivars in second planting. Iranian Journal of Crop Science, 3 (4), 3-8. (in Persian)

Hisamatsu, T., & Koshioka, M. (2000). Cold treatments enhance responsiveness to gibberellins in stock (Matthiola incana L.). Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 75, 672-678. https://doi.org/10.1080/14620316. 2000.11511306

Kahrarian, B., Fatemi, R., Mohamadi, A. A. & Habibi, D. (2010). Effect of planting date on yield and phenology of 5 canola cultivars in Kermanshah region.Agronomy and plant breeding. Agriculture and Plant Breeding in Iran, 6 (3), 71-78. (in Persian)

Khajehpoor, M.R. (2008) Fundamentals of Agronomy, Jahad University Press, Isfahan University of Technology. (in Persian)

Khan, A., Najeeb, U., Wang, L., Tan, D. K. Y., Yang, G., Munsif, F., Ali, S. & Hafeez, A (2017). Planting density and sowing date strongly influence growth and lint yield of cotton crops. Field Crops Research, 209, 129-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2017.04.019

Khan, F. U., Jhon, A Q., Khan, F. A. & Mir, M. M. (2008). Effect of planting time on flowering and bulb production of tulip conditions in Kashmir. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 65(1), 0972-8538.

Khayat, M., Rahnama, A. A., Motiei, M. M. & Mohamadi, A. R. (2011). Planting date effect on Phenologic, Physiologic and seed yield traits rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) genotypes under Khuzestan province, Crop Production in Envirnmental Stress, 3(1, 2), 31- 44. (in Persian) 

KO, J. Y., Kim, S. K., Um, N Y., Han, J. S. & Lee, K. K. (1994). Planting times and corm grades of Gladiolus gandavensis for retarding culture in high land. Journal of Agricultural Science, 36(1), 430-434.

Koocheki, A., Zand, A., Banayan aval, M., Rezvani moghadam, P., Mahdavi damghani, A., Jamioalahmadi, M. & Vesal, S. R. (2005). Plant Echophysiology. Ferdowsi University Press, Mashhad. (in Persian)

Mandal, S. M. A., Mishra, B. K. & Patra, A. K. (1994). Yield loss in rapeseed and mustard due to aphid infestation in respect of different varieties and dates of sowing. Orissa Journal Agricultural Research, 7, 58-62.

Mazaheri laghab, H., Salavati, S. & Mahmodi, R. (2011). Response of the Yield of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Cultivar Armavirski to Sowing Time and Plant Density in Rain Fed Conditions in Ghorveh Kordestan. Plant Production Technology, 11(2),63-74. (in Persian)

Mohanty, C. R., Beher, T. K. & Samantaray, D. (1993). Effect of planting time and planting density on growth and flowering in African marigold (Tagetes erecta L.). Journal of Ornamental Horticulture, 1(2), 55-60.

Mosavi bazaz, A., Nemati, H., Tehrani, F. & Hatefi, S. (2008). The study of hybridization and correlation between traits of stock (Matthiola incana L.) genotypes. Journal of Horticulture Science, 22 (1), 45-55. (in Persian)

Nyagumbo, I., Siyabusa, M., Mupangwa, W. & Rodriguez, D. (2017). Planting date and yield benefits from conservation agriculture practices across Southern Africa. Agricultural Systems, 150, 21-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2016.09.016

Qulipor, A., Golkhodani, K., Latifi, N. & Moqadam, M. (2003). Comparison of growth and yield of rapeseed varieties in rain fed conditions. Gorgan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, 3(1), 111-121.

Ramesh, K. & Singh, V. (2008). Effect of planting date on growth, development, aerial biomass partitioning and essential oil productivity of wild marigold (Tagetes minuta) in mid hills of Indian western Himalaya. Industrial Crops and Products, 27, 380–384. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2007.08.004

Rezaie, S., Nikbakht, A., Etemadi, N. A., yusefi, M. & Majidi, M. M. (2015). The Effect of Types of Polyethylene and Shade Coverage on Morphological and Physiological Indices of Flower Lycanthus (Eustoma grandiflorum L. cv Matidor), Journal of Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture, 24, 135-143. (in Persian)

Tabatabaei, R., Amini dehaghi, M., Shahmoradi, M. & Kaviani ahangar, F. (2011). Effects of Planting Date and Different Amounts of Nitrogen Fertilizer on the Yield and Yield Components of Two Marigold Varieties (Calendula officinalis). Journal of Agronomy Science, 4 (5), 103-118. (in Persian)

Zadeh bagheri, M., Sozani, M., Sadeghi, H. & Jahromi, B.(2011). The Effect of Different Chemical Treatments on the Duration of the Life and Quality of Cutting Flower of the stock (Matthiola incana L. cv. Asanami). Journal of Plant and Biomass, 7 (25), 69-83. (in Persian)