اثر پایه‮های هیبرید کدو بر برخی صفات کیفی و پارامترهای بیوشیمیایی خربزه توده بومی سوسکی زرد تحت شرایط کمبود آب‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار، گروه علوم باغبانی و فضای سبز، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل

چکیده

در بررسی تأثیر پیوند در شرایط کم‌آبیاری، بر ویژگی‌های کیفی میوه، آزمایشی به‌صورت کرت‌های خردشده در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در مزرعة پژوهشی مؤسسة آموزش عالی امام خمینی (ره) وابسته به وزارت جهاد کشاورزی واقع در شهرک مهندس زراعی در کرج در سال 1393 اجرا شد. خربزه‌های پیوندشده روی پایه‌های هیبریدی کدو همراه با خربزه‌های خودپیوندی (سوسکی زرد روی سوسکی زرد) و غیرپیوندی (شاهد) در سه سطح آبیاری 60، 80 و 100 درصد (شاهد)، بر اساس تخلیة رطوبتی خاک ارزیابی شد. مقایسة میانگین‌ها نشان داد که بیشترین (54/25 میلی‌گرم بر گرم وزن تر) و کمترین (98/16 میلی‌گرم بر گرم وزن تر) مقدار ساکارز گوشت میوه به‌ترتیب مربوط به گیاهان غیرپیوندی در سطح آبیاری 80 درصد و ترکیب پیوندی خربزة سوسکی زرد روی سوسکی زرد در سطح آبیاری 60 درصد بود. همچنین، حداکثر (02/13 درصد) و حداقل (48/8 درصد) مقدار مواد جامد محلول میوه به‌ترتیب به میوه‌های گیاه غیرپیوندی در سطح آبیاری 80 درصد و گیاه غیرپیوندی تحت سطح آبیاری 60 درصد اختصاص داشت. بیشترین (58/7) و کمترین (29/5) امتیاز داوران (تست پانل) مربوط به صفت شیرینی گوشت میوه، به‌ترتیب به سطح کم‌آبیاری 80 درصد و 60 درصد اختصاص داشت. همچنین، تفاوت معناداری بین سطوح 80 درصد کم‌آبیاری و 100 درصد آبیاری از نظر مقدار فنل کل گوشت میوه مشاهده نشد. نتایج نشان داد که میوه‌های برداشت‌شده از ترکیب پیوندی سوسکی زرد روی شینتوزا در مقایسه با گیاهان شاهد در شرایط کم‌آبیاری کیفیت مناسب‌تری داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of cucurbita hybrid rootstocks on some quality and biochemical traits of Iran melon “Souski Zard accessions” under deficit irrigationan

نویسنده [English]

  • Darioush Ramezan
چکیده [English]

In order to study the effect of grafting on growth and fruit quality of melon under deficitirrigation the experiment was conducted as a split plot in a randomized complete block design with three replications during 2014 on the experimental farm of Imam Khomeini Higher Education center of Jihad-e-Keshawarzi in Karaj. Treatments consisted arrangement of four grafting (melon grafted on Shintozwa and Ferro-RZ, self grafted and ungrafted melon) and three irrigation levels 60, 80 and 100 percent, based on total available water depletion. The mean comparision showed that maximum (25.54 mg/g FW) and minimum (16.98 mg/FW) sucrose content of fruits was obtained in non-grafted plants under irrifation 80% and Souski Zard grafted on Souski Zard in irrigation 60% respectively. Also, the maximum (13.2%) and minimum (8.48%) of soluble solids was related to fruit of non-grafted plants under 80% irrigation level and non-grafted plants in irrigation 60%, respectively. The highest (7.58) and the lowest (5.29) learn points by the jury (panel test) related to fruit quality were irrigation 80 and 60 percent respectively. Also, there was no signifincant difference between deficit irrigation 80% and irrigation 100% in terms of total phenol content of fruit. The results showed that the fruit harvested from Soski Zand plant grafted on Shintozwa had better quality compared to control plants under deficit irrifation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • antioxidant capacity
  • fruit sugar
  • organoleptic
  • scion
  • total phenolic fruit
  • total soluble solids
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