تأثیر نحوه کاربرد و غلظت‌های مختلف هیومیک اسید بر عملکرد و میزان جذب عناصر معدنی گل رز مینیاتور رقم هفت رنگ

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه – ایران

2 استادیارگروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه ، ارومیه – ایران

3 استاد گروه علوم خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه - ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش به‌منظور بررسی اثرات کاربرد خاکی و محلول‌پاشی هیومیک اسید بر ویژگی‌های رشدی، گلدهی و جذب عناصر گل رز مینیاتور رقم هفت رنگ در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با دو فاکتور هیومیک اسید در 4 غلظت (صفر، 500، 1000 و 2000 میلی‌گرم در لیتر) و نحوه کاربرد به دو صورت (کاربرد خاکی و محلول‌پاشی) با سه تکرار و دو مشاهده در گلخانه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه ارومیه، در سال‌های 93-1392 انجام شد. نتایج آزمایش بیانگر تأثیر معنی‌دار هیومیک اسید بر صفات رویشی (مانند وزن تر و خشک برگ و قطر ساقه)، زایشی (مانند تعداد و قطر غنچه، قطر گل) و جذب عناصر غذایی گل رز مینیاتور رقم هفت رنگ بود. نتایج نشان داد که تیمار خاکی 2000 میلی‌گرم در لیتر هیومیک اسید باعث بیشترین میزان جذب نیتروژن (425/8 میکروگرم در گلدان) و آهن (12476/8 میکروگرم در گلدان) در گیاه شد، اما میزان جذب روی در هیچ‌کدام از غلظت‌های اسید هیومیک معنی‌دار نشد. بیشترین میزان جذب مس نیز در تیمار محلول‌پاشی 1000 میلی‌گرم در لیتر هیومیک اسید (342/46 میکروگرم درگلدان) به‌دست آمد. در جذب منگنز و پتاسیم نیز غلظت 1000 میلی‌گرم در لیتر بیشترین میزان جذب پتاسیم و منگنز را باعث شد. به‌طورکلی، می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که کاربرد هیومیک اسید در گیاه باعث افزایش جذب برخی عناصر ضروری و رشد گیاهان می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of application mode and different concentrations of humic acid on yield and content of nutrients uptake of Rosa chinensis var. minima ‘Baby Masquerade’

نویسندگان [English]

  • Parvin Talebi 1
  • Zohreh Jabbarzadeh 2
  • Mir Hassan Rasouli Sadaghiani 3
1 M.Sc. Graduated of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urumia - Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urumia – Iran
3 Professor of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urumia - Iran
چکیده [English]

This research was conducted to study the effects of soil and foliar applications of humic acid on the growth and flowering characteristics and nutrient uptake of Rosa chinensis var. minima ‘Baby Masquerade’ as a factorial experiment based on completely randomized design with two factors: four concentrations of humic acid (0, 500, 1000 and 2000 mg.l-1) and two application methods (drench and spray) with three replications and two observations in the research greenhouse of Urmia University in 2014-2015. The results indicated a significant effect of humic acid on the growth traits (such as fresh and dry weight of leaf and stem diameter), flowering characteristics (such as the number and diameter of buds and flower diameter) and nutrient uptake of Rosa chinensis var. minima ‘Baby Masquerade’. The results showed that soil application of 2000 mg l-1 humic acid caused to high absorption of nitrogen (8.425 µg/per pot) and iron (8.12476 µg/per pot) in the plant, but the absorption of Zn was not affected by the concentrations of humic acid. High Cu absorption was observed in 1000 mg l-1humic acid (46.342 µg/ pots). The absorption of Mn and K was high in 1000 mg l-1 HA. As a result, application of humic acid in plants caused to enhance some essential elements absorption and plants growth. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Flower’s diameter
  • Miniature rose
  • nitrogen
  • Number of buds
  • Spray
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