عنوان مقاله [English]
This research was conducted to study the effects of soil and foliar applications of humic acid on the growth and flowering characteristics and nutrient uptake of Rosa chinensis var. minima ‘Baby Masquerade’ as a factorial experiment based on completely randomized design with two factors: four concentrations of humic acid (0, 500, 1000 and 2000 mg.l-1) and two application methods (drench and spray) with three replications and two observations in the research greenhouse of Urmia University in 2014-2015. The results indicated a significant effect of humic acid on the growth traits (such as fresh and dry weight of leaf and stem diameter), flowering characteristics (such as the number and diameter of buds and flower diameter) and nutrient uptake of Rosa chinensis var. minima ‘Baby Masquerade’. The results showed that soil application of 2000 mg l-1 humic acid caused to high absorption of nitrogen (8.425 µg/per pot) and iron (8.12476 µg/per pot) in the plant, but the absorption of Zn was not affected by the concentrations of humic acid. High Cu absorption was observed in 1000 mg l-1humic acid (46.342 µg/ pots). The absorption of Mn and K was high in 1000 mg l-1 HA. As a result, application of humic acid in plants caused to enhance some essential elements absorption and plants growth.
1 . دانشور حکیمی میبدی ن، کافی م، نیکبخت ع و رجالی ف (1390) اثر هومیک اسید بر برخی از خصوصیات کمی و کیفی چمن اسپیدیگرین. علوم باغبانی ایران. 4(42): 403-412.
2 . سبزواری س و خزاعی ح ر (1388) اثر محلولپاشی سطوح مختلف اسید هیومیک بر خصوصیات رشدی، عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد گندم رقم پیشتاز (Triticum aestivum L.). بومشناسی کشاورزی. 1(2): 63-53.
3 . کمری س، پیوست غ ع و قاسمنژاد م (1391) تأثیر اسید هومیک بر صفات رویشی و عملکرد گوجهفرنگی رقم آیزابلا. علوم باغبانی. 26: 256-262.
4 . Abel-Mawgoand, AMR, El-Greadly NHM, Helmy YI and Singer SM (2007) Responses of tomato plants to different rates of humic-based fertilizer and NPK fertilization. Journal of Applied Sciences Research. 3: 169-174.
5 . Adani F, Genevini P and Zoccohi G (1998) The effect of commercial humic acid on tomato plant growth and mineral nutrition. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 21(3): 561-575
6 . Ameri A, and Tehranifar A (2012) Effect of humic acid on nutrient uptake and physiological characteristics of Fragaria ananassa var. camarosa. Journal of Biological and Environmental Science. 6: 77-79.
7 . Anderson NO (2006) Flower breeding and genetics, Issues, challenges and opportunities for the 21 century. Netherlands. 700 p.
8 . Atiyeh RM, Edwards CA, Metzger JD, Lee S and Arancon NQ (2002) The influence of humic acids derived from earthworm-processed organic wastes on plant growth. Bioresource Technology. 84: 7-14.
9 . Ayas H and Gulser F (2005) Use of humic acid for improving soil organic matter and increasing crop yield. Journal of Biological Sciences. 5(6): 801-804.
10 . Ayman M, Kamar M and Khalid M (2009) Amino and humic acids promote growth, yield and disease resistance of faba bean cultivated in clay soil. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 3(2): 731-739.
11 . Bidegain RA, Kaemmerer M, Guiresse M, Hafidi M, Rey, F, Morard P and Revel JC (2000). Effects of humic substances from composted or chemically decomposed poplar sawdust on mineral nutrition of ryegrass. Journal of Agricultural Science Cambridge. 134: 259-267.
12 . Boehme M, Schevtschenko J and Pinker I (2005) Iron supply of cucumbers in substrate culture with humate.Acta Horticulturae. 41: 329-335.
13 . Cacco G, Attina E, Gelsomino A and Sidari M (2000) Effect of nitrate and humic substances of different molecular size on kinetic parameters of nitrate uptake in wheat seedlings. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science. 163: 313-320.
14 . Cangi R, Tarakcioglu C and Yasar H (2006) Effect of humic acid applications on yield, fruit characteristics and nutrient uptake in Ercis grape (V. vinifera L.) cultivar. Asian Journal of Chemistry. 18: 1493-1499.
15 . Celik O, Atak C and Rzakulieva A (2008). Stimulation of rapid regeneration by a magnetic field in paulownia node cultures. Journal of Central European Agriculture. 9: 297-304.
16 . Chang L, Wu Y, Xu WW, Nikbakht A and Xia YP (2011) Effects of calcium and humic acid treatment on the growth and nutrient uptake of Oriental lily. African Journal of Biotechnology. 11(9): 2218-2222.
17 . Cimrin KM and Yilmaz I (2005) Humic acid applications to lettuce do not improve yield but do improve phosphorus availability. Acta AgriculturaeScandinavica, SectionB-Soil &Plant Science. 55: 58-63.
18 . Clapp CE, Chen Y, Hayes MHB and Cheng HH (2001) Plant growth promoting activity of humic substances. In: Swift, R.S., Sparks, K.M. (Eds.), Understanding and Managing Organic Matter in Soils, Sediments, and Waters, International Humic Science Society, Madison. Pp. 243-255.
19 . David PP, Nelson PV and Sandres DC (1994) A humic acid improves growth of tomato seedling in solution culture. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 17: 173-184.
20 . Delfine S, Tognetti R, Desiderio E and Alvino A (2005)Effect of foliar application of N and humic acids on growth and yield of durum wheat. Agronomy Sustainable. 25: 183-191.
21 . Dudley JB, Pertuit AJ and Toler JE (2004) Leonardite influences zinnia and marigold growth. Horticultural Science. 39(2): 251-255.
22 . El- Mohamedy RSR and Ahmed MA (2009) Effect of biofertilizers and humic acid on control of dry root rot disease and improvement yield quality of Mandarin (Citrus reticulate Blanco). Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences. 5(2): 127- 137.
23 . Fabrizio A, Pierluigi G, Patrizia Z and Graziano Z (2008) The effect of commercial humic acid on tomato plant growth and mineral nutrition. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 21(3): 37-41.
24 . Fathy MA, Gabr MA and El Shall SA (2010) Effect of humic acid treatments on 'Canino' apricot growth, yield and fruit quality. New York Science Journal. 3(12): 109-115.
25 . Hartwigson JA and Evans MR (2000) Humic acid seed and substrate treatments promote seedling root development. Horticultur Science. 35(7): 1231-1233.
26 . Hashemabadi D and Zarchini M (2000) Yield and quality management of rose (Rosa hybrida cv. Poison) with plant growth regulators. Journal of Plant Omics. 3(6): 167-17.
27 . Heavenly MM and Tehrani MM (1998) The role of micronutrients in increasing the yield and quality of crops, the impact of macro-micro elements. University publication. Second Edition.
28 . Jack AH and Evans MR (2000) Humic acid seed and substrate treatments promote seedling root development. HortScience. 35(7): 1231-1233.
29. Karakurt Y, Unlu H, Unlu H and Padem H (2009) The influence of foliar and soil fertilization of humic acid on yield and quality of pepper. Acta Agriculturae ScandinavicaSection B-Soil Plant Science. 59: 233-237.
30 . Kaya M, Atak M, Khawar KM, Ciftci CY and Ozcan S (2005) Effect of presowing seed treatment with Zinc and foliar spray of humic acids on yield of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). International Journal of Agricaulture and Biology. 6: 875-878.
31 . Khaled H and Fawy H (2011) Effect of different levels of humic acids on the nutrient content, plant growth and soil properties under conditions of salinity. Soil and Water Research. 6(1): 21-29.
32 . Khattab M, Shaban A, El-Shrief HA and El-Deen Mohamed A (2012) Effect of humic acid and amino acids on pomegranate trees under deficit irrigation. I: growth, flowering and fruiting. Journal of Horticultural Science and Ornamental Plants. 4(3): 253-259.
33 . Mallikarjuna M, Govindasamy R and Chandrasekaran S (1987) Effect of humic acid on Sorghum vulgare var. CSH-9. Current. Science. 56(24): 1273-1276.
34 . Mulvaney CS and Bremer JM (1982) Methods of soil analysis. Chemical and microbiological properties. Part. 2, Pp. 595-624.
35 . Nardi S, Pizzeghello D, Muscolo A and Vianello A (2002) Physiological effects of humic substances on higher plants. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 34: 1527-1536.
36 . Nardi S, Pizzeghello D, Reniero F and Rascio N (2000) Chemical and biochemical properties of humic substances isolated from forest soils and plant growth. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 64: 639-645.
37 . Nikbakht A, Kafi M, Babalar M, Xia YP, Luo A and Etemadi N (2008) Effect of humic acid on plant growth, nutrient uptake and postharvest life of Gerbera.Journal of Plant Nutrition. 31: 2155-2167.
38 . Nikolic M, Cesco S, Romheld V, Varanini Z and Pinton R (2003) Uptake of iron (Fe-59) complexed to water-extractable humic substances by sunflower leaves. Journal of PlantNutrition. 26(10): 2243-2252.
39 . Mackowiak CL, Grossl PR and Bugbee BG (2001) Beneficial effects of humic acid on micronutrient availability to wheat. Soil Science. 65: 1744-1750.
40 . Pinton R, Cesco S, Santi S, Agnolon F and Varanini Z (1999) Water-extractable humic substances enhance iron deficiency responses by Fe-deficient cucumber plants. Plant and Soil Sciences. 210: 145-57.
41 . Ryan J, Estefan G and Rashid A (2001) Soil and plant Analysis: Laboratory manual, interaction center for agricultural research in the dry areas (ICARDA). 2nd Ed. A leppo, Syrian, pp: 1-18.
42 . Sangeetha M and Singaram P and Devi RD (2006) Effect of lignite humic acid and fertilizers on the yield of onion and nutrient availability. Paper presented at the 18th World Congress of Soil Science. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. 9-15.
43 . Thi Lua H and Bohme M (2001) The influence of humic acid on tomato in hydroponic system. Agronomy Journal. 548: 451-458.
44 . Türkmen Ö, Dursun A, Turan M and Erdinç Ç (2004) Calcium and humic acid affect seed germination, growth, and nutrient content of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) seedlings under saline soil conditions. Acta Agriculture Scandinavica. 7: 168-174.
45 . Turner NC (1981) Techniques and experimental approaches for the measurement of plant water stress. Plant Soil. 58: 339-366.
46 . Vaughan D and Malcolm RE (1979) Effect of soil organic matter on peroxidase activity of wheat roots. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 11: 57-63.
47 . Vaughan D, Malcom RE and Ord BG (1985) Influence of humic substances on biochemical processes in plants, in D. Vaughan and R.E. Malcom (eds.), Soil organic matter and biological activity, Martinus Nijhoff/Junk W Publishers, Dordrecht. Pp: 77-108.
48 . Yildirim E (2007) Foliar and soil fertilization of humic acid affect productivity and quality of tomato. Acta Agriculturae ScandinavicaSection B-Soil Plant Science. 57: 182-186.