تأثیر محلول‌پاشی چند ترکیب کلسیمی طی مراحل مختلف رشد بر برخی خصوصیات کیفی میوه سیب رقم ‘فوجی’

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکدۀ علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت - ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکدۀ علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت - ایران

3 استاد میوه‌کاری، دانشگاه آیداهو، آمریکا.

4 استاد، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکدۀ علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت - ایران.

چکیده

تولید سیب فوجی در ایران با مشکلاتی از قبیل رنگ‌گیری خیلی ضعیف و بروز عارضة قهوه‌ای شدن درونی طی انبارداری همراه است. بنابراین، در این پژوهش تأثیر محلول‌پاشی سه ترکیب کلسیمی فولی‌کل (Folical)، کلسی‌کت (Calcicat) و کلرید کلسیم (CaCl2) طی فصل رشد شامل محلول‌پاشی طی کل فصل و محلول‌پاشی در اوایل، اواسط و اواخر فصل بر برخی خصوصیات کیفی شامل رنگ پوست، مقدار آنتوسیانین، غلظت اتیلن درونی، مقدار فنول کل و درصد بروز عارضة قهوه‌ای شدن درونی سیب ’فوجی‘ در زمان برداشت و طی انبارمانی بررسی شد. شاخص‌های رنگ L*، C*و °h (زاویة هیو) به‌طور معناداری تحت تأثیر محلول‌پاشی با کلسیم قرار گرفتند. محلول فولی‌کل سبب بهبود شاخصL*  نسبت به شاهد شد. میوه‌های تیمارشده با محلول‌های کلسیمی نسبت به شاهد دارای شاخص °h بیشتر و شاخص C*کمتری بودند. محلول‌پاشی در اواخر فصل نسبت به سه زمان دیگر کمترین تأثیر را بر شدت آنتوسیانین داشت. مقدار فنول کل پوست و گوشت میوه‌ها واکنش متفاوتی نسبت به ترکیبات کلسیمی و زمان‌های محلول‌پاشی نشان دادند. روند مشخصی در تغییرات مقدار ترکیبات فنولی طی انبارمانی وجود نداشت، اما به‌طور کلی، در تمام تیمارها مقدار ترکیبات فنلی پوست و گوشت میوه‌ها کاهش یافت. کاربرد کلسیم سبب کاهش غلظت اتیلن درونی شد. با توجه به نتایج به‌دست‌آمده، همة تیمارهای کلسیمی سبب کاهش معنادار عارضة قهوه‌ای شدن داخلی شدند. این عارضه در میوه‌های تیمارشده با فولی‌کل در اوایل فصل و کلسی‌کت مصرف‌شده در اواسط فصل مشاهده نشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of several calcium compound sprayduring various growth stageson some qualitative characteristics of ‘Fuji’ apple

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ensieh Ghorbani 1
  • Davood Bakhshi 2
  • Esmaiel Fallahi 3
  • Babak Rabiei 4
1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht- Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan- Rasht, Iran.
3 Professor of Pomology, University of Idaho, USA
4 . Professor, Department of Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht- Iran
چکیده [English]

In this study, calcium chloride (CaCl2) and two organic calcium compounds namely Calcicat and Folical were applied at four different spray programs including All-, Early-, Mid- and Late-season spray at the Abhar region in Zanjan were compared in 2012. Some qualitative characteristics of ‘Fuji’ apple fruit such as peel color and anthocyanin, internal ethylene concentration, total phenolic content and percentage of internal browning incidence were studied at harvest and during storage. The color indices namely L*، C*and h °were influenced by the calcium solution spray. Folical increased the L* index compared to control.  Fruits which received calcium solutions had higher h° index and lower C* index than control. The anthocyanin content of fruit peel was influenced only by spray timing, at harvest. Late season spray resulted in less anthocyanin accumulation compared to other programs. Total phenolic content of the peel and pulp was affected by calcium compounds and spray programs in differently ways. There was not a clear trend in phenolic compounds change during storage; meanwhile, total phenolics decreased in the fruits peel and pulp. Calcium application decreased internal ethylene concentration. All calcium treatments significantly decreased the internal browning; however, it was not observed insprayed fruits by early season Folical and midseason Calcicat.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anthocyanin
  • Internal Browning
  • Internal Ethylene Concentration
  • Peel Color
  • total phenolics

 

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