اثر تلقیح بذر با ریزوبیوم و ریزوباکتری‌های افزایش‌دهنده رشد گیاه (PGPR) بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد نخود زراعی در شرایط فاریاب و دیم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور ارزیابی تأثیر تلقیح بذر با باکتری‌های ریزوبیوم و ریزوباکتری‌های تحریک­کنندة رشد گیاه (PGPR) بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد نخود زراعی (Cicer arietinum L.) رقم ‘آرمان’، آزمایشی به‌صورت کرت­های خرد‌شده در قالب بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در مزرعة تحقیقاتی دانشگاه زنجان در سال 1391 اجرا شد. در این آزمایش، سطوح آبیاری در دو سطح فاریاب (آبیاری مطلوب از سبز شدن تا رسیدن محصول) و دیم (عدم آبیاری در کل دورة رشد) در کرت­های اصلی؛ و سطوح کودی در هفت سطح (شاهد، مصرف 50 کیلوگرم کود اوره در موقع کاشت، تلقیح بذر با Mesorhizobiumciceri نژاد SWRI-3، تلقیح بذر با Mesorhizobiumciceri نژاد SWRI-17، تلقیح بذر با PGPR، تلقیح مشترک با نژاد ریزوبیومی (SWRI-3+SWRI-17) و تلقیح مشترک با PGPR+SWRI-3+SWRI-17) در کرت­های فرعی قرار گرفتند. نتایج این بررسی نشان داد که شرایط دیم، موجب کاهش ارتفاع بوته، تعداد شاخه‌های فرعی، تعداد دانه در بوته، وزن صددانه، عملکرد دانه و زیستی و شاخص برداشت شد. در این تحقیق، استفاده از کودهای زیستی در هر دو شرایط فاریاب و دیم، به‌دلیل تأثیر مثبت بر صفاتی نظیر ارتفاع بوته، تعداد دانه در بوته، وزن صد‌دانه، وزن غلاف در بوته و عملکرد زیستی، عملکرد دانة بیشتری را در مقایسه با تیمار شاهد کودی و مصرف کود نیتروژنة اوره تولید کرد. در ضمن، تلقیح مشترک بذر با تمام کودهای زیستی (PGPR+SWRI-3+SWRI-17) نسبت به تلقیح جداگانه موجب افزایش 18-36 درصدی عملکرد دانه در شرایط فاریاب و 34-50 درصدی در شرایط دیم شد

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of seed inoculation with Rhizobium and Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) on yield and yield components of chickpea in irrigated and rainfed conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Vahideh Khalegh nejhad 1
  • farhad jabbari 2
2 university of zanjan
چکیده [English]

This experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of Rhizobium strains and plant growth promoting Rhizobacteria(PGPR) on yield and yield components of chickpea (Cicer arientinum L.) Arman cultivar. This research was conducted as split plot based on randomized complete block design at Zanjan university researchal farm. Irrigation levels(optimum irrigation during season growth and no irrigation during growth period) were set as main plots and fertilizer level(control or no application chemical and biological fertilizer, 50kg/ha Urea, seed inoculation with Mesorhizobium ciceri strain of SWRI-3,seed inoculation with Mesorhizobium ciceri strain SWRI-17, seed inoculation with PGPR,Co-inoculation with rhizobium strains SWRI-3+SWRI-17 and Co-inoculation with all biofertilizer , PGPR+SWRI-3+SWRI-17) were sets as subplots. The results of this study showed that drought stress reduced plant height, number of branches, number of seeds per plant, seed weight, biological yield and harvest index.Applicatin of biofertilizers because of positive effects on plant height, number of seeds per plant, seed weight, pod weight per plant and biological yield,produced more grain yield in comparison control and nitrogen urea fertilizer in both of arrigated and rainfed conditions.In addition ,seed co-inoculation with all of bio-fertilizers(PGPR+SWRI-3+SWRI-17) achieved more grain yield in comparison separate inoculation about 18-36% in irrigated and 34-50% in rainfed conditions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Biofertilizer
  • Chickpea
  • rhizobium
  • seed inoculation
  • yield

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