ترکیب های فنلی و فعالیت آنتی اکسیدانی در برخی ارقام سیب ایرانی و تجاری در استان آذربایجان غربی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه

2 دانشیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه

3 استادیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت

4 مربی، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان آذربایجان غربی، ارومیه

چکیده

در این مطالعه، میزان فنل کل، کلروژنیک اسید، کاتچین، کوئرستین، فلوریدزین، سیانیدین و فعالیت آنتی اکسیدانی پوست و گوشت شش رقم سیب (Malus domestica) ایرانی شامل ارقام ‘گلاب کهنز’، ‘سیب ترش دیررس’، ‘قره یاپراق’، ‘ترکمان’، ‘قزل آلما’ و ‘عباسی مشهد’ و چهار رقم تجاری شامل ‘گلدن دلیشز’، ‘رد دلیشز’، ‘برابرن’ و ‘فوجی’ بررسی شد. رقم ‘فوجی’ بیشترین مقدار سیانیدین 3-گالاکتوزید (9/3711 میکروگرم بر گرم وزن تر) و رقم ‘گلاب کهنز’ بیشترین مقدار کوئرستین 3-گالاکتوزید (8/3133 میکروگرم بر گرم وزن تر) و فلوریدزین را در پوست (2/642 میکروگرم برگرم وزن تر) و رقم ‘قره یاپراق’ بیشترین مقدار فلوریدزین گوشت (1/98 میکروگرم بر گرم وزن تر) را نشان دادند. رقم ‘عباسی مشهد’ بیشترین مقدار کلروژنیک اسید پوست (1/298 میکروگرم بر گرم وزن تر) و گوشت (3/484 میکروگرم بر گرم وزن تر) و رقم ‘قزل آلما’ بیشترین مقدار کاتچین پوست (2/255 میکروگرم بر گرم وزن تر) و ‘سیب‌ترش دیررس’ بیشترین کاتچین گوشت (9/76 میکروگرم بر گرم وزن تر) را نشان دادند. تجزیه رگرسیونی داده های فنل کل و ظرفیت آنتی اکسیدانی نشان داد که ارتباط مثبتی بین مقدار فنل کل و درصد فعالیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی وجود دارد. بیشترین مقدار فنل کل و بیشترین مقدار فعالیت آنتی اکسیدانی در رقم ‘فوجی’ مشاهده شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity of some Iranian and commercial apple varieties in West Azarbaijan province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Rafiee 1
  • Lotfali Naseri 2
  • Davoud Bakhshi 3
  • Asad Alizadeh 4
چکیده [English]

In this study, the amount of total phenol, chlorogenic acid, catechin, quercetin, phloridzin, cyanidin and antioxidant activity of apple (Malus domestica) skin and flesh of six Iranian cultivars, including: ‘Golab Kohanz’, ‘Sib Torsh Dirras’, ‘Ghara Yapragh’, ‘Torkman’, ‘Ghezel Alma’ and ‘Abbasi Mashhad’, and four commercial cultivars including: ‘Golden Delicious’, ‘Red Delicious’, ‘Braeburn’ and ‘Fuji’ was investigated. ‘Fuji’ had the highest amount of cyanidin 3-galactoside (3711.9 µg.g-1 fresh weight) and ‘Golab Kohanz’ had the greatest amount of quercetin 3-galactoside (3133.8 µg.g-1 fresh weight) and phloridzin in the skin (642.2 µg.g-1 fresh weight) and ‘Ghara Yapragh’ showed the greatest amount of flesh phloridzin (98.1 µg.g-1 fresh weight). ‘Abbasi Mashhad’ had the largest amount of flesh (484.3 µg.g-1 fresh weight) and the skin's (298.1 µg.g-1 fresh weight) chlorogenic acid, ‘Ghezel Alma’ had the greatest amount of catechin of skin (255.2 µg.g-1 fresh weight) and ‘Sib Torsh Dirras’ showed the highest catechin of flesh (76.9 µg.g-1 fresh weight). The regression analysis of total phenol and antioxidant capacity showed a positive correlation between the amount of total phenol and the antioxidant activity. The highest amount of total phenol and antioxidant activity in ‘Fuji’ was observed.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Catechin
  • chlorogenic acid
  • Cyanidin 3-galactoside
  • Phloridzin
  • total phenol

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