مقایسه صفات مورفولوژیک، عملکرد و فنولوژیک سه گونه قدومه برگه‏ دار، آراراتی و بیابانی در شرایط مزرعه‏ ای

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، بخش تحقیقات منابع طبیعی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان اصفهان، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، اصفهان، ایران.

2 استاد، بخش تحقیقات مرتع، مؤسسه تحقیقات جنگل ها و مراتع، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تهران، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد پژوهشی، بخش تحقیقات منابع طبیعی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان اصفهان، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

این مطالعه با هدف مقایسه صفات رشدی سه گونه قدومه برگه‏دار minus Alyssum ، قدومه آراراتی A. szwitsianum و قدومه بیابانی A. desertorum در قالب طرح بلوک‏های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی اصفهان طی دو سال زراعی 1395 و 1396 انجام شد. صفات مورد بررسی عبارت از صفات عملکردی شامل عملکرد بیولوژیک، دانه، برگ، ساقه و ریشه؛ صفات مورفولوژیک شامل ارتفاع گیاه، قطر بوته، تاج پوشش و تعداد ساقه در بوته و صفات فنولوژیک شامل روز تا گلدهی، دانه‏دهی و رسیدگی‏دانه‏ بودند. بیشترین عملکرد بیولوژیک و عملکرد دانه در گونه برگه‏دار به‏ترتیب با مقادیر 1003 و 375 کیلوگرم در هکتار بدست آمد درحالی‏که کمترین مقادیر در گونه بیابانی و به‏ترتیب 559 و 207 کیلوگرم در هکتار بود. نتایج مربوط به صفات مورفولوژیک نشان‏داد که گونه برگه‏دار از نظر ارتفاع، تعداد ساقه، قطر بوته و میزان تاج پوشش نسبت به دو گونه دیگر از برتری قابل توجهی برخوردار بود. گونه‏های برگه‏دار و بیابانی با 101 و 95 روز تا رسیدگی‏دانه‏ به‏ترتیب دیررس‏ترین و زودرس‏ترین گونه بودند. بیشترین همبستگی صفت عملکرد دانه با سایر صفات به‏ترتیب متعلق به عملکرد بیولوژیک (90/0)، ارتفاع بوته (79/0)، تعداد ساقه (76/0) و تاج پوشش (75/0) بود. در مجموع نتایج بدست آمده از این مطالعه بیانگر آن بود که گونه برگه‏دار دارای پتانسیل بالاتری درتولید نسبت به دوگونه دیگر بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of morphological, yield, and phenological characteristics of A. minus, A. szwitsianum and A. desertorum under field condition

نویسندگان [English]

  • Babak Bahreininejad 1
  • Ali Ashraf Jafari 2
  • Zahra Jaberalansar 3
1 Assistant Professor, Research Division of Natural Resources, Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Isfahan, Iran
2 Professor, Range Management Research Division, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
3 Expert Researcher, Research Division of Natural Resources, Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study was carried out to compare growth characteristics of three species of Alyssum minus, A. szwitsianum and A. desertorum over two years, 2017 and 2018, in a randomized complete block design with three replication at Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center. Measured traits were yield characteristic including total dry weight, leaf, stem, root and seed dry weight; morphological characteristics including plant height, maximum and minimum plant diameter, plant cover and stem number; and phenolological characteristics including day to flowering, day to seeding and day to seed ripening. The highest biological and seed yield were achieved in A. minus, 1003 and 375 kg/ha respectively, while A. desertorum showed the lowest rates, 559 and 207 kg/ha respectively. Morphological traits analysis represented that A. minus had the highest rates of plant height, stem number, plant diameter and cover. A. minus and A. desertorum with 101 and 95 days to seed ripening were the longest and shortest lifelong species. The highest correlation rates between seed yield with other characteristics were including biological yield (0.90), plant height (0.79), stem number (0.76) and cover (0.75). On the whole, results of this study showed that A. minus showed the highest yield potential among the studied species.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Correlation
  • growth stage
  • medicinal plants
  • Seed yield
  • vegetative growth
Abaszadeh, B., Rezaei, M. B., Ardekani, M. R. & Baseri, R. (2008). Investigation of morphological traits and aerial part yield of Mentha species collected from different regions. Agricultural Research Letter, 1(1), 41-51. (in Persian)

Amin, G.R. (1991). Popular Medicinal Plants of Iran. Vol 1. Tehran, Iran: Iranian Ministry of Health Publishers. (In PPersian)

Amiri, S., Saberian, V., Abbasi, A., Enayati, V. & Janmohamadi, M. (2011). Effect of salinity on germination and early growth of Alyssum bracteatum. National Conference on Medicinal Plants. 2-3 March, Sari, Iran. (in Persian)

Aslani, S. & Saeedipour, S. (2017). Competitive Interaction of Canola (Brassica napus) against wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis) using replacement series method. Journal of Plant Protection, 30(4), 677-683. (in Persian)

Assadi, M., Sajedi, S., Fakhr Ranjberi, H., Mirzadeh Vaghefi, S., Moazzeni, H., Khodashenas, M., Khosravi, A.R., Hatami, A., Mehrnia, M., Kaffash, Sh., Heidarnia, N., Sheidai, M., Heidari Rikan, M., Kavousi, K., Sonboli, A., Veiskarami, Gh. & Aminian, F. (2017). Flora of Iran, No. 143: (Brassicaceae). Tehran, Iran: Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands. (in Persian)

Azizi, M. & Arvin, P. (2009). Yield difference and relation use efficiency in spring cultivars of the oilseed rape. Electronic Journal of Crop Production, 1(4), 35-50. (in Persian)

Bagheri, H., Graili, Z. & Kashaninezhad, M. (2015). Evaluation rheological changes of Qudomeh shahri as a function of concentration and freezing process and comparison with commercial Xanthan gum. Innovative Food Technologies, 3(1), 33-42. (in Persian)

Bahreininejad, B. (2012). Effects of water deficit on physiological characteristics, growth indices, irrigation water use efficiency and essential oil content and components of Thymus species. Ph.D thesis, Department of Agronomy, Isfahan University of Technology. 159p. (in Persian)

Forooghi, A., Biyabani, A., Rahemi Karizaki, A., Rassam, G. (2017). Relationships of phenology and physiological traits with the yield of Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) in Northern Khorasan. Journal of Crop Ecophysiology, 10(4), 1007-1024. (in Persian)

Ganjali, A., Ajorlou, M. & Khak sefidi, A. (2017). The effect of drought and salinity stress on seed germination of (Alyssum homalocarpum). Journal of Crop Breeding, 9(21), 139-146. (in Persian)

Gregory, P. J. (2006). Plant Roots Growth, Activity and Interaction with Soils. England, London, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Hesarinejad, M.A., Razavi, S.M.A. & Koocheki, A. (2015). The viscoelastic and thermal properties of Qodume shirazi seed gum (Alyssum homolocarpum). Iranian Food Science and Technology Research Journal, 11(2), 116-128. (in Persian)

Koocheki, A., Amirmoradi , S., Shabahang, J. & Kalantari Khandani, S. (2013). Effect of organic fertilizer on quality and quantity characteristics of blond psyllium (Plantago ovata Forssk.) clasping peperweed (Lepidium perfoilatum L.), Qodumeh Shirazi (Alyssum homolocarpum L.) and dragons head (Lalementia iberica L.). Agroecology, 5(1), 16-26. (in Persian)

Kamelmanesh, M.M., Ghasemi, S. & Namayandeh, A. (2009). Path analysis of yield and yield components in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under controlled and BCMV infection conditions. Quarterly Plant Protection Journal, 1(1), 57-70. (in Persian)

Khazaie, H.R., Sabet Teimouri, M. & Najafi, F. (2007). Investigation on yield and quality of Isabgol (Plantago ovata L.) under different irrigation regimes and seeding rates. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research, 5(1), 77-84. (in Persian)

Li, Y., Lv, G.,  He, X., Zhang, X. & Yang, X. (2017). The complete chloroplast genome of the spring ephemeral plant Alyssum desertorum and its implications for the phylogenetic position of the tribe Alysseae within the Brassicaceae. Nordic Journal of Botany, 35(6), 644-652. https://doi.org/10.1111/njb.01531

Liu, F., Jensen, C.R., Shahanzari, A., Andersen M.N. & Jacobsen, S.E. (2005). ABA regulated stomatal control and photosynthetic water use efficiency of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) during progressive soil drying. Plant Science, 168(3), 831-836. DOI: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2004.10.016

Mobli, A.R., Ghanbari, A. & Rastgoo, M. (2017). Determine the cardinal temperatures for Alyssum linifolium Steph. ex. Wild. 7th Iranian Weed Science Conference. 5-7 September, Gorgan, Iran. (in Persian)

Momeni, L., Alaedini, B. & Koocheki, A. (2016). Effect of different drying methods on viscosity and gelation of Lipidium perfoliatum seed gum. Iranian Journal of Biosystem Engineering, 47(1), 159-166. (in Persian)

Mostafavi, M. J., Nassiri Mahallati, M. & Koocheki, A. R. (2019). Regression and path analysis of the relationship between seed yield and the most important yield components of Sesame. Plant Production Technology, 10(2), 145-156. (in Persian). 10.22084/ppt.2017.11828.1662.

Mozaffarian, V. (2015). Identification of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Iran. Farhang Moaser Publishers, Tehran, Iran. (in Persian)

Naiebi Hajilar, S. & Hasanzadeh, A. (2016). Effects of plant population and planting pattern on vegetative and reproductive characteristics of Castor Bean (Ricinus communis L.) plant. Quarterly Applied Field Crops Research (Pajouhesh & Sazandegi), 111, 83-94. (in Persian)

Rashidi Asl, A. & Moraghebi, F. (2011). The study of the relationship between some morphological and phenological traits of Cuminum (Cuminum cyminum L.) with grain yield. Quarterly Plant and Ecosystem, 6(24), 25-30. (in Persian)

Sepehri, A. & Samadi, M., 2015. The effect of integrated chemical and biological fertilizers on growth indices and mucilage yield of Isabgol (Plantago ovata Forssk) across different plant. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research, 13(3), 485-495. (in Persian)

Soleimanpour, M., Kadkhodaee, R., Koocheki, A. & Razavi, S.M.A. (2013). Effect of Qodumeh Shahri seed gum on physical properties of corn oil in water emulsion prepared by high intensity ultrasound. Iranian Food Science and Technology Research Journal, 9(1), 21-30. (in Persian)

Emam, Y. & Niknejad, V. (2011). An Introduction to the Physiology of Crop Yield. Shiraz University Press. Shiraz, Iran. (in Persian)

Yadegari, M., Esmaeilzadeh Kenari, R. & Hashemi, S.J. (2017). Investigation of effect of Lepidium sativum seed, Alyssum homolocarpum and methylcellulose gums and compound them on oil uptake and qualitative properties of fried potato during deep frying process. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 69(14), 1-9. (in Persian)

Yaghmaei, L., Soltani, S. & Khodagholi, M. (2009). Bioclimatic classification of Isfahan province using multivariate statistical methods. International Journal of Climatology, 29, 1850-1861. DOI: 10.1002/joc.1835.