ارزیابی بهره‌وری آب، برخی صفات کمی و کیفی نیشکر درکشت مخلوط با لگوم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ملاثانی، ایران

چکیده

به منظور بررسی بهره‌وری آب، درصد بریکس، قطر میانگره، وزن خشک ریشه و ارتفاع ساقه نیشکر و میزان کلروفیل در برگ لگوم‌ها در کشت مخلوط نیشکر با گیاهان لگوم، آزمایشی در سال زراعی 96-1395 در دو مکان در استان خوزستان به‌صورت طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با 14 تیمار و چهار تکرار به اجرا در آمد. تیمار‌ها شامل: خالص نیشکر، خالص سویا، خالص لوبیا چشم بلبلی، خالص سویا + تلقیح با رایزوبیوم، خالص لوبیا چشم بلبلی + تلقیح با رایزوبیوم، خالص نیشکر + تلقیح با قارچ میکوریزا، مخلوط نیشکر و لوبیا، مخلوط نیشکر و سویا، مخلوط نیشکر و لوبیا چشم بلبلی + تلقیح با رایزوبیوم، مخلوط نیشکر و سویا + تلقیح با رایزوبیوم، مخلوط نیشکر + تلقیح با میکوریزا و لوبیا چشم بلبلی، مخلوط نیشکر + تلقیح با میکوریزا و سویا، مخلوط نیشکر + تلقیح با میکوریزا و سویا + تلقیح با رایزوبیوم و مخلوط نیشکر + تلقیح با میکوریزا و لوبیا چشم بلبلی + تلقیح با رایزوبیوم بودند. نتایج نشان دادند بیش‌ترین مقدار بهره‌وری آب، ارتفاع ساقه، قطر میانگره در وسط ساقه و پایین ساقه، وزن خشک ریشه و درصد بریکس عصاره‌ی ساقه در نیشکر مربوط به تیمار کشت مخلوط نیشکر (تلقیح شده با قارچ) به‌همراه لوبیا (تلقیح شده با باکتری) بود که به ترتیب 31/61 درصد، 16/14 درصد، 32/42 درصد، 28/35 درصد، 8/89 درصد، 8/31 درصد بیش‌تر از خالص نیشکر بود. میکوریزا با نیشکر هم‌زیستی مثبت داشت و زمانی که میکوریزا و لوبیا هم‌زمان در یک تیمار حضور داشتند اثر هم افزایی آن‌ها روی صفات مورد ارزیابی مثبت بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of water productivity, some quantitative and qualitative traits of sugarcane in intercropping with legume

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Ehsani pour 1
  • Hamid Abbasdokht 2
  • Manoochehr Gholipoor 2
  • Alireza Abdali Mashhadi 3
1 Ph. D. Candidate, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Khuzestan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Mollasani, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In order to evaluate the water productivity, stem height and diameter, root dry weight, brix percentage of sugarcane, an experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with 14 treatments and four replications during 2016-17 at two locations in Ahwaz. The treatments were: sole sugarcane, sole soybean, sole cowpea, sole soybean+ rhizobium, sole cowpea+rhizobium, sole sugarcane+mycorrhizal, intercropping sugarcane with cowpea, intercropping sugarcane with soybean, intercropping sugarcane with cowpea+rhizobium, intercropping sugarcane with soybean + rhizobium, intercropping sugarcane+mycorrhizal and cowpea, intercropping sugarcane+mycorrhizal and soybean, intercropping sugarcane+mycorrhizal and soybean+rhizobium and intercropping sugarcane + mycorrhizal and cowpea +rhizobium. The results showed that the highest water productivity, the highest sugarcane stem height, the largest diameter in the middle of the stem and at the bottom of the stem, the highest dry weight roots and the highest brix percentage of sugarcane stem extract were related to intercropped sugarcane + mycorrhizal and cowpea+ rhizobium treatment. which was 31.61, 16.14, 32.42, 28.35, 8.89, and 8.31% higher than sole sugarcane. Mycorrhizal symbiosis was positive in sugarcane, and when mycorrhizal fungi and cowpea were present simultaneously in a treatment, their synergistic effect on the evaluated traits were positive.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Brix percentage
  • cowpea
  • mycorrhizal
  • rhizobium
  • soybean
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