اثر چند کشتی همزمان بر ویژگی های زراعی ارقام گلرنگ بهاره (Carthamus tinctorius L.) در منطقه آران و بیدگل

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه کشاورزی، واحد نراق، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نراق، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه کشاورزی، واحد فراهان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، فراهان، ایران

3 مربی، گروه کشاورزی، واحد نراق، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نراق، ایران

چکیده

این بررسی به منظور ارزیابی خصوصیات زراعی ارقام مختلف گلرنگ بهاره در کشت خالص و چند کشتی همزمان و همچنین معرفی و انتخاب مناسب ترین رقم گلرنگ جهت کشت در منطقه آران و بیدگل واقع در شهرستان کاشان، در اسفند ماه سال 1391 اجرا گردید. آزمایش به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار انجام گردید. ارقام گلرنگ در چهار سطح: شامل رقم فرامان، صفه اصفهان، گلدشت و رقم محلی اصفهان و تیمار چند کشتی همزمان نیز در چهار سطح: شامل کشت خالص گلرنگ، (کشت همزمان گلرنگ + نخود)، (کشت همزمان گلرنگ + یونجه) و (کشت همزمان گلرنگ + پیاز) بود. در این تحقیق صفاتی از قبیل تعداد روز تا تشکیل غوزه، تعداد شاخه‌های فرعی، میانگین وزن هر غوزه، میانگین تعداد دانه در هر بوته، عملکرد دانه در هر بوته، عملکرد دانه در متر مربع، عملکرد بیولوژیکی، شاخص برداشت و میانگین وزن یونجه اندازه گیری شد. نتایج نشان داد که اثر ارقام گلرنگ بر صفات تعداد روز تا شروع غوزه دهی، میانگین وزن هر غوزه، میانگین تعداد دانه در بوته، عملکرد دانه در بوته، عملکرد دانه در متر مربع و شاخص برداشت در سطح احتمال یک درصد معنی‌دار بود. همچنین اثر کشت گیاه همراه، بر صفات میانگین وزن هر غوزه، عملکرد بیولوژیکی گلرنگ معنی دار بود. در بین ارقام مختلف گلرنگ بیشترین و کمترین شاخص برداشت دانه در هکتار با میانگین 31/33 و 52/26 درصد هکتار به ترتیب مربوط به ارقام محلی اصفهان و رقم صفه بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of simultaneous cropping on agronomic characteristics of spring safflower cultivars (Cartamus tinctorius L.) in Aran and Bidgol region

نویسندگان [English]

  • Majid Alinaghipour 1
  • Mohammad Mirzakhani 2
  • Karim Nozad Namin 3
1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Naragh Branch, Naragh, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Farahan Branch, Farahan, Iran.
3 Instructor, Department of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Naragh Branch, Naragh, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In order to the effect of Simultaneous Cropping on agronomic characteristics of spring safflower cultivars (Cartamus tinctorius L.) in Aran and Bidgol region, this study was carried out in field of Kashan city of Esfahan province in 2013. A factorial arrangement of treatment in a randomized complete block design with three replications was used. Spring safflower cultivars (V1= Faraman, V2= Goldasht, V3= Esfahan local, V4= Soffeh) and Simultaneous cropping treatment, (S1= Cultivation of safflower + chickpea, S2= Cultivation of safflower + alfaalfa, S3= Cultivation of safflower + onion, S4= Cultivation of safflower) were assigned in plots. Each sub plot consisted of 4 rows, 5 m long with 60 cm between rows space and 4 cm between plants on the rows was used. In this study characteristics such as: days to bolling, number of branches, weight of boll, number of grain per plant, grain yield in plant, grain yield in m-2, biological yield, harvest index and alfalfa biomass were assessed. Results indicated that the effect of safflower cultivars on the characteristics such as: days to bolling, weight of boll, number of grain per plant, grain yield in plant, grain yield in m-2 and harvest index was significant. Effect of Simultaneous cropping treatment on the characteristics such as: weight of boll and biological yield was significant, too. The maximum and minimum of harvest index (33.31 and 26.52 %) were obtained with the Esfahan local and Soffeh cultivars, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Alfalfa
  • Chickpea
  • Grain yield
  • harvest index
  • Onion

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