اثر نظام‌های مختلف تغذیه‌ای بر ویژگی‌های رویشی، بیوشیمیایی، عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد دانه تاتوره

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

2 استاد، گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

چکیده

امروزه برای داشتن یک نظام کشاورزی پایدار، استفاده از نهاده‌هایی که جنبه‌های اکولوژیکی نظام را بهبود بخشند و مخاطرات محیطی را کاهش دهند، ضروری به‌نظر می‌رسد. در این راستا، آزمایشی به‌صورت کرت‌های یک‌بار خردشده در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در ایستگاه تحقیقات کشاورزی بایع‌کلا در سال 1395 اجرا شد. عوامل آزمایشی شامل کودهای شیمیایی، دامی، کمپوست، ورمی‌کمپوست و عدم مصرف کود آلی و معدنی (شاهد) به‌عنوان عامل اصلی و کودهای زیستی نیتروکسین، بیوفسفات، نیتروکسین + بیوفسفات، نانوبیومیک و شاهد (عدم کاربرد کود زیستی و نانوزیستی) به‌عنوان عامل فرعی بودند. اثر تیمارهای کود آلی و معدنی، زیستی و نانوزیستی و برهمکنش آنها بر کلیه ویژ‌گی‌های مورد بررسی در سطح احتمال یک درصد معنی‌دار شد. برای کلیه صفات مورد بررسی بیشترین مقادیر در تیمار کود آلی ورمی‌کمپوست در تلفیق با کود نانوزیستی بیومیک به‌دست آمد. نتایج تجزیه به عامل‌ها نیز تأیید‌کننده این مسئله بود. بنابراین با توجه به ضرورت تولید گیاهان دارویی در نظام‌های زراعی کم‌نهاده، حفظ محیط زیست و نیل به اهداف کشاورزی پایدار تلفیق تیمار کود ورمی‌کمپوست و نانوبیومیک جهت بهبود رشد و افزایش عملکرد دانه تاتوره مناسب است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of different nutritional systems on vegetative and biochemical characteristics, yield and yield components of thorn apple

نویسندگان [English]

  • Roghayeh Mohammadpour Vashvaei 1
  • Ahmad Ghanbari 2
  • Mohammad Reza Asgharipour 3
  • Mahmood Ramroudi 3
  • Mehdi Dahmardeh 3
1 Ph.D.Student, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
چکیده [English]

Today, in order to have a sustainable agricultural system, it is necessary to use the inputs that improve the ecological aspects of the system and reduce environmental hazards. In this regards, an experiment was conducted on split plot based on a randomized complete block design with three replications, at the Research Station of Bayakola, during 2016. Experimental treatments were plant nutrition with NPK, animal manure, compost, vermicompost and control (no chemical and organic fertilizer) as main plot and bio-phosphate, nitroxin, nitroxin + bio-phosphate, nano bioumik and control (no bio and nano bio-fertilizer) as subplot. Effects of organic and inorganic, bio and nano bio-fertilizer treatments and their interactions on all studied traits were significant (P≤0.01). The highest amounts of all studied traits were obtained in vermicompost in combination with nano bioumik fertilizers treatment. The result of factor analysis also confirmed this. Therefore, with respect to the production of medicinal plants in the low-input cropping systems and to achieve sustainable agriculture and environmental protection, using vermicompost in combination with nano bioumik treatment was suitable for improving plant growth and increasing seed yield of datura

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Essential oil
  • Low-input cropping system
  • medicinal plants
  • Nano-bioumik
  • vermicompost
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