پاسخ‌های رشدی و فیزیولوژیکی گیاه ریحان به کاربرد برگی کلات و نانوکلات پتاسیم تحت تنش کم‌آبیاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه خلیج فارس، بوشهر، ایران

2 استادیار،گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه خلیج فارس، بوشهر، ایران

3 استادیار، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان بوشهر، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، بوشهر، ایران

4 استادیار،گروه علوم و مهندسی آب، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه خلیج فارس، بوشهر، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف مطالعه اثر محلول‌پاشی کلات و نانوکلات پتاسیم بر صفات رشدی و فیزیولوژیکی گیاه ریحانOcimum) basilicum L.) تحت شرایط کم‌آبیاری به‌صورت آزمایش فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار به‌صورت گلدانی در گلخانه دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه خلیج فارس بوشهر در سال 1395-1396انجام شد. تنش کم‌آبیاری در چهار سطح ۱۰۰، ۸۰، ۶۰ و ۴۰ درصد رطوبت ظرفیت مزرعه و محلول‌پاشی کلات و نانو‌کلات پتاسیم با غلظت‌های ۰، ۱، ۳ و ۵ گرم در لیتر اعمال گردید. نتایج نشان داد که تنش کم‌آبیاری باعث کاهش معنی‌دار (p

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Growth and physiological responses of sweet basil to foliar application of chelate and nanochelate of potassium under deficit irrigation stress

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Zarei 1
  • Malek Hossein Shahriari 2
  • Rahim Nikkhah 2
  • Parviz Bayat 3
  • Ali Dindarlou 4
1 M.Sc.Student,Horticulture Department, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Horticulture Department, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran.
3 Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Bushehr, Iran.
4 Assistant Professor, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research was carried out with the aim of studding the effect of chelate and nanochelate of potassium foliar application on some growth and physiological characteristics of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) under deficit irrigation stress. The study was conducted as a factorial experiment in a randomized complete block design with three replications in the greenhouse of Agriculture Faculty of Bushehr University in 2016-2017. Plants were subjected to four deficit irrigation stress levels (100, 80, 60 and 40% of field capacity moisture). Four different rates of chelate and nanochelate of potassium (0, 1, 3 and 5 g/L) were applied through foliar spray. The results indicated that deficit irrigation stress significantly (p

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chlorophyll index
  • Field capacity moisture
  • Peroxidase enzyme
  • proline
  • relative water content
  • Shoot fresh weight

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