بررسی اثر کودهای زیستی باکتریایی و قارچ میکوریزا بر عملکرد دانه و ترکیبات شیمیایی اسانس سه توده رازیانه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد،گروه زراعت واصلاح نباتات،دانشکده کشاورزی،دانشگاه ارومیه،ارومیه،ایران

2 دانشیار،گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات،دانشکده کشاورزی،دانشگاه ارومیه،ارومیه،ایران

3 استادیار،گروه زراعت واصلاح نباتات،دانشکده کشاورزی،دانشگاه ارومیه،ارومیه،ایران

4 استادیار،گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات،دانشکده کشاورزی،دانشگاه ارومیه،ارومیه،ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور اثر کودهای زیستی بر عملکرد دانه و ترکیبات شیمیایی اسانس گیاه دارویی رازیانه، آزمایشی به‌صورت فاکتوریل بر پایه طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار و 12 تیمار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه ارومیه در سال زراعی 95-1394 اجرا شد. فاکتور اول شامل سه توده رازیانه (ارومیه، همدان و آلمان) و فاکتور دوم چهار سطح کودی شامل کود زیستی دارای باکتری‌های تامین کننده نیتروژن، فسفر، پتاسیم، قارچ میکوریزا (گلوموس اینترارادایسز)، تلفیق کود زیستی باکتریایی + قارچ میکوریزا و عدم مصرف کود (شاهد) را شامل می‌شدند. نتایج نشان داد که کاربرد کودهای زیستی منجر به افزایش معنی‌دار عملکرد دانه، درصد کلونیزاسیون، عناصر غذایی، درصد اسانس، عملکرد اسانس و بهبود ترکیبات شیمیایی اسانس گردید و در این میان تیمارهای ترکیبی نسبت به تیمارهای مصرف جداگانه بیشترین تاثیر را در افزایش صفات مورد مطالعه داشتند. همچنین تاثیر توده بومی بر تمامی صفات کمی و کیفی مورد مطالعه به جز نیتروژن دانه معنی‌دار بود. عملکرد دانه، محتوی اسانس توده آلمان نسبت به دو توده همدان و ارومیه بالاتر بود. ترکیبات اصلی اسانس رازیانه، آنتول، فنچون، لیمونن و p-Allylanisole بود. بیشترین میزان آنتول در توده ارومیه در شرایطی کاربرد تلفیقی کود زیستی باکتریایی + قارچ میکوریزا به‌دست آمد. به طور کلی، نتایج نشان داد که استفاده از کودهای زیستی اثر معنی‌داری در بهبود صفات کمی و کیفی رازیانه داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of bacterial bio-fertilizers and mycorrhizal fungi on seed yield and chemical composition of essential oil of three fennel landrace

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Zamani 1
  • Reza Amirnia 2
  • Esmaeil Rezaei-chiyaneh 3
  • Amir Rahimi 4
1 Former M.Sc. Student, Department of Agronomy and Plants Breeding,Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University,Urmia,Iran.
2 Associate Professor,Department of Agronomy and Plants Breeding,Faculty of Agriculture,Urmia University,Urmia,Iran
3 Assistant Professor,Department of Agronomy and Plants Breeding,Faculty of Agriculture,Urmia University,Urmia,Iran
4 Assistant Professor,Department of Agronomy and Plants Breeding,Faculty of Agriculture,Urmia University,Urmia,Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effect of biofertilizers on the seed yield and chemical composition of essential oil of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L.), a field experiment was conducted as factorial based on randomized complete block design with three replications and twelve treatments at the Research Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of urmia, Iran during growing season of 2015-2016. The first factor included of three Landraces (Urmia, Hamdan and Germany) and second factor included of four biofertilizers as: complete biofertilizers (consumption of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and sulfur supplier bacteria), mycorrhizal fungi (Glomus intraradices), integrated Bacterial biofertilizers with mycorrhizal fungi and control treatment. Results indicated that application of biofertilizers enhanced the seed yield, colonization percentage, nutrients absorption, essential oil content, essential oil yield and essential oil composition. Among treatments, combined usage of biofertilizers showed that great increasing in studied traits than individual consumption. Also, The effect of landrace on all studied quantitative and qualitative traits was significant except for seed nitrogen. Seed yield of the German landrace were higher than Hamedan and Urmia landrace. The main components of the essential oils fennel were; Anethol, Fenchone, Limonene and p-Allylanisole. The highest amount of anethole was found in Urmia landrace in inoculated with mycorrhiza and bacterial biofertilizer. In general, the results showed that the use of biofertilizers had a significant effect on the improvement of quality and quantity of fennel traits.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anethol
  • Azotobacter
  • Fenchone
  • Nutrients absorption
  • Pseudomonas

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