بهبود کیفیت گل حنای گینه نو با کاربرد کود کندرهش و اسید هیومیک در بستر کشت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد - ایران

2 استادیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد - ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد - ایران

4 استادیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد - ایران

چکیده

به منظور بررسی تأثیر کود کندرهش و اسید هیومیک بر بهبود عملکرد گل حنای گینه نو Impatiens hawkeri))، پژوهشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با 15 تیمار و سه تکرار مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. تیمارها شامل کود کندرهش با فرمول کودی 12-11-18-2.7MgO-8S در پنج سطح صفر، 5/1، 3، 5/4 و 6 کیلوگرم بر مترمکعب و اسید هیومیک در سه سطح صفر، 2 و 4 کیلوگرم بر مترمکعب بودند که با بستر کاشت مخلوط شدند. بستر کاشت شامل 50 درصد پیت ماس، 40 درصد پرلیت و 10 درصد پوسته برنج (به‌صورت حجمی) بود. پنج ماه پس از کاشت بذر، نتایج نشان داد بیشترین تعداد گل در کود کندرهش 6 کیلوگرم بر مترمکعب به همراه اسید هیومیک 2 کیلوگرم بر مترمکعب (20 عدد) و بیشترین تعداد برگ نیز مربوط به کود کندرهش 3 کیلوگرم بر مترمکعب (122 عدد) بود. کود کندرهش تأثیر مثبت و معنی­داری بر تمامی صفات ارزیابی شده نشان داد. همچنین، اسید هیومیک تأثیر مثبت معنی­داری در ارتفاع گیاه، تعداد برگ و ساقه، سطح برگ، کلروفیل کل، وزن تازه ساقه، قطر گل، طول عمر تک گل و تعداد گل داشت. باتوجه به نتایج تحقیق حاضر، کاربرد اسید هیومیک 4-2 کیلوگرم بر مترمکعب و کود کندرهش 3 تا 5/4 کیلوگرم بر مترمکعب به منظور پرورش گل حنای گینه نو توصیه می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Quality improvement of New Guinea Impatiens by slow releasec fertilizer and humic acid application in medium culture

نویسندگان [English]

  • Leila Mohammadi 1
  • Saeed Rizi 2
  • Abdorrahman Mohammadkhani 3
  • Rahim Barzegar 4
1 M.Sc. Graduated Student, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord- Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord – Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord - Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord - Iran
چکیده [English]

To evaluate the effect of slow release fertilizer and humic acid on quality of New Guinea Impatiens (Impatiens hawkeri), an experiment established in complete random design with 15 treatments and three replications. Treatments were slow release fertilizer (12-11-18-2.7MgO-8S) in five levels (0, 1.5, 3, 4.5 and 6 kg/m3) and humic acid in three levels (0, 2 and 4 kg/m3) that mixed with medium culture. The substrate medium was included 50 percecnt of peat moss, 40 percent of perlite and 10 percent of rice husk (v/v). Five months after seeding, results showed the most flower number (20 number) in 6 kg/m3 mixed with 2 kg/m3 of humic acid, and the most leaf number (122 number) in 3 kg/m3 of slow release fertilizer treatments. The slow release fertilizer treatment showed a positive significant effect in all traits. Also, humic acid had a positive significant effect on plant height, leaf and shoot number, leaf area, total chlorophyll, shoot fresh weight, flower diameter, flower life and flower number. Considering that, humic acid in 2-4 kg/m3 and slow release fertilizer in 3-4.5 kg/m3 could be recommended for New Guinea Impatiens cultivation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Biological fertilizers
  • Flower Life
  • nitrogen
  • Rice Husk
  • vegetative traits

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