Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Assistant Professor/ Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization. Seed and Plant Certification and Registration Institute.

2 Researcher/ Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization. Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Ardabil province

3 Researcher/ Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization . Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Kordestan province

4 Researcher/Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization. Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Azarbaijane Gharbi Province

5 Researcher/ Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization. Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Ardabil Province

6 Researcher, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Seed and Plant Certification and Registration Institute,

7 Researcher/ Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization. Seed and Plant Certification and Registration Institute

Abstract

Value for Cultivation and Use (VCU) test is performed by Seed and Plant Certification and Registration Institute (SPCRI) or its legal representative according to articles 17-24 of second part of the executive regulations of the law on Registration of Plant Varieties. In this regard, in order to value for cultivation and use test of two imported chickpea cultivars (Araz and Goksu), an experiment set up based on complete randomized block design in three replications and four locations (Oshnavieh, Moghan, Saral and Kamyaran) during 2018-2019 and 2019-2020 . Results showed that the amount of chickpea seed yield in Oshnavieh location (temperate cold rejoin) was significantly higher than other studied locations (3365.5 kg.ha-1). Due to the significant interaction of cultivar × location on seed yield, different cultivars had the highest yield in different locations. The highest 100 seed weight belonged to Araz (39.11 gr), Goksu (37.04 gr) and Saeed (36.22 gr) cultivars. Goksu had the highest height of first pod (21.59 cm) and then came Hashem (20.13 cm), Araz (19.43 cm), Saeed (19.02 cm) and Mansour (18.08 cm). Goksu, Mansour and Saeed cultivars had longest physiological maturity period. The physiological maturity period in Araz and Areman cultivars was significantly shorter than the other studied cultivars. Araz and Goksu cultivars are considered as two suitable chickpea germplasm for cultivation in Iran due to their higher yield, higher 100 seed weight and higher first pod height.

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