Document Type : Research Paper


1 Former M.Sc. Student, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.


In order to achieve optimum quantitative and qualitative yield of potato in each region, new cultivars need to be compared. As such, this study has been carried out to compare 13 new potato cultivars along with two cultivars of Agria and Banba with each other to identify suitable cultivars for leaf area index, agronomic, and qualitative traits under climatic conditions of Razan. The statistical design, used in the present study, has been complete randomized block with three replications. Results show that Manito cultivar has reached the maximum leaf area index later than other cultivars, having 12 tubers per plant, which is 112% and 83% superior to Banba and Agria, respectively. Also, Natascha cultivar with a leaf area index of 3.65 has been 57% and 19% leafier than Agria and Banba, respectively. Tuber weight in Ottawa (157.8 g per tuber) has been 70.5% and 20.4% greater than Agria and Banba, respectively. Manito cultivar yields 71399 kg/ha, which is 123% more than Agria and 70% than Banba. Protein percentage of tubers in this study do not differ among the potato cultivars, while the difference is significant among the potato cultivars in tuber starch percentage and the highest values belong to Manito (18.09%) and Ottawa and Concordia cultivars, in the second and place. Generally, Manitou, Caruso, and Faluca cultivars are recommended for planting in the Razan on the basis of traits of maximum leaf area index, number of tubers per plant, and tuber yield.


Abdollahi, M., Soleymani, A., & Shahrajabian, M. H. (2018). Evaluation of yield and some of physiological indices of potato cultivars in relation to chemical, biologic and manure fertilizers. Cercetari Agronomice in Moldova, 51(2), 53-66.
Abu-Zinabad, I., & Mousa, W. (2015). Growth and productivity of different potato varieties under Gaza Strip conditions. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, 8(3), 433-450.
Aghighi Shahverdi, M., Maleki Farahani, S., & Mamivand, B. (2017). Evaluation of changes of protein percentage, lysine and methionine amino acids in potato genotypes and cultivars. Plant Ecophysiology, 9, 103-112. (In Persian)
Busnello, F. J., Boff, M. I. C., Agostinetto, L., Souza, Z. D. S., & Boff, P. (2019). Potato genotypes reaction to early blight and late blight in organic cultivation. Ciencia Rural, 49(3), 1-8.
Chang, H. J., Li, X. Q., Kalinga, D., Lim, S. T., & Liu, Q. (2014). Physicochemical properties of dry matter and isolated starch from potatoes growth in different location in Canada. Food Research International, 57(8), 89-94.
Eskandari, H. (2015). Evaluation of growth and tuber yield of potato Solanum tuberosum affected by manure and zinc foliar application. Research in Field Crops, 3, 70-82. (In Persian)
Fetena, S., & Eshetu, B. (2017). Evaluation of released and local potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties for growth performance. Journal of Agronomy, 16, 40-44.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). (2017).
Gordon, R., Brown, D. M., & Dixon, M. A. (1997). Estimating potato leaf area index for specific cultivars. Potato Research40(3), 251-266.
Khajehpur, M. (2006). Industrial plants. Isfahan University of Technology Press, 564p.(In Persian).
Khan, V. (2019). Evaluation of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) genotypes for yield and phenotypic quality traits under subtropical climate. Academia Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(4), 079-085.
Hassanpanah, D., & Hassanabadi, H. (2011). Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of advanced potato clones in Ardabil region. Journal of Modern Sustainable Agriculture Knowledge, 1, 37-48. (In Persian).
Heinecke, A. (2007). Contribution to the determination of the biochemical causes of black spot on potatoes. Niedersachsische Staats-und, Doctoral dissertation. (In Germany).
Howlader, O., & Hoque, M.A. (2018). Growth analysis and yield performance of four potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research43(2), 267-280.
Knowles, N.R., & Knowles, L.O. (2006). Mainpulating stem number, tuber set and yield relationships for northern and southern growth potato seed lots. Crop Science, 46(1), 284-296.
Lisinska, G., & Leszczynski, W. (1989). Potato science and technology. Springer Science & Business Media, Amsterdam, Netherlands. 391p.
Mahgoub, H. A. M., Eisa, G. S. A., & Youssef, M. A. H. (2015). Molecular, biochemical and anatomical analysis of some potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivars growing in Egypt. Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 13(1), 39-49.
Masoudi, F., Zardashti, M. R., Abdollahi Mandoulakani, B., Rasouli Sadghiani, M. H., & Nazarli, H. (2010). Effect of irrigation intervals on yield and plant characteristics of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences, 12(3), 265-278. (In Persian).
Masoumpour, E., Mousapour, A., Gorji, A., & Sharghi, Y. (2013). Study of genetic variation of some traits in potato cultivars and clones. Agronomy Journal (Pajouhesh and Sazandegi), 104, 193-203. (In Persian).
Mazaheri, D., & Majnon Hoseini, N. (2001). Fundamental of agronomy. Tehran University Press, 320 p. (In Persian).
Monte, J. A., de Carvalho, D. F., Medici, L. O., da Silva, L. D. B., & Pimentel, C. (2013). Growth analysis and yield of tomato crop under different irrigation depths. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, 17(9), 926-931.
Mousapour Gorji, A., & Shavakh, F. (2007). Evaluation of physico-chemical properties of new potato varieties and introduction proper varieties for processing purpose. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 8, 63-78. (In Persian).
Parvizi, Kh. (2006). Evaluation of quantitative and qualitative traits of late and early ripening advanced potato cultivars. Pajouhesh and Sazandegi Journal, 79, 80-90. (In Persian).
Pycia, K., Juszczak, L., Galkowska, D., & Witczak, M. (2012). Physiochemical properties of starches obtained from polish potato cultivars. Starch-Starke, 64(2), 105-114.
Rahman, M. H., Islam, M. S., & Sonom, S. (2016). Genetic diversity of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Bangladesh Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics29(1), 39-43.
Rahnama, A. (2008). Plant physiology. Pouran Pazhohesh Press, second edition, Tehran, Iran. 364 p. (In Persian).
Sarparast, R., & Melikian, A. (2015). Evaluation of potato yield and growth indicators in mountainous and plain condition of Golestan province. Journal of Crop Production Research, 22, 231-238.
Smith, A. M., Zeeman, S. C., Thorneycroft, D., & Smith S. M. (2003). Starch mobilization in leaves. Journal of Experimental Botany, 54(382), 577-583.
Wohleb, C. H., Knowles, N. R., & Pavek, M. J. (2014). Plant growth and development. In: R. Navarre & M. J. Pavek,  (Ed), The potato: botany, production and uses. CAB International. Pp (64-82).
Zrust, J., & Geple, J. (1992). Dependence of yield of early potato on some growth characteristics. Field Crop Abstracts, 45(10), 922.