نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسی تولید و ژنتیک گیاهی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه مهندسی تولید و ژنتیک گیاهی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه علمی علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

این تحقیق به صورت فاکتوریل بر پایه طرح کاملا تصادفی در سه تکرار در سال زراعی 1397 در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه ارومیه به-صورت گلدانی اجرا شد. فاکتور اول تنش شوری با آب دریاچه ارومیه در سه سطح (صفر، 16 و 32 دسی‌زیمنس بر متر) و فاکتور دوم نانوکود در پنج سطح (پتاسیم، روی، کلسیم، سیلیسیم و عدم برگ‌پاشی) بود. نتایج نشان داد که بیشترین و کمترین مقدار ارتفاع بوته، وزن خشک برگ و گل‌آذین به‌ترتیب از تیمار بدون تنش شوری و شوری 32 دسی‌زیمنس بر متر حاصل شد. تنش شوری 32 و 16 دسی‌زیمنس بر متر در مقایسه با شاهد به‌ترتیب پروتئین خام (5 و 3 درصد)، درصد کربوهیدرات قابل حل در آب (15 و 14 درصد)، درصد الیاف نامحلول در شوینده اسیدی (23 و 7 درصد)، درصد فیبر خام (10 و 5 درصد) و درصد فیبر نامحلول در شوینده خنثی (20 و 5 درصد) را افزایش داد در حالی‌که به‌ترتیب موجب کاهش خاکستر کل (27 و 17 درصد) و ماده خشک قابل هضم (22 و 8 درصد) شد. محلول‌پاشی با نانوکودها در مقایسه با شاهد ویژگی‌های مورفولوژیک مورد مطالعه را افزایش داد. همچنین ویژگی‌های کیفی مطلوب علوفه مانند پروتئین خام، خاکستر کل، ماده خشک قابل هضم و درصدکربوهیدرات قابل حل در آب علوفه کینوا را بهبود بخشید و ویژگی‌های کیفی نامطلوب مانند درصد فیبر نامحلول در شوینده خنثی و اسیدی و درصد فیبر خام را کاهش داد. بنابراین برای افزایش کیفیت علوفه کینوا و تعدیل اثرات تنش شوری، محلول‌پاشی با نانوکودهای مختلف به‌ویژه نانوکود کلسیم توصیه می‌گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of salinity stress and foliar application of nano-fertilizers on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of quinoa forage

نویسندگان [English]

  • Faezeh Heidari 1
  • Jalal Jalilian 2
  • esmaeil gholinezhad 3

1 Department of Plant Production and Genetic Engineering, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

2 Associate professor Department of Plant Production and Genetic Engineering, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

3 Associate professor, Department of Agricultural Sciences, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

This experiment was conducted on factorial experimental based on completely randomized design with three replications in the research field of Urmia University during 2017-2018. The first factor was salinity stress with water of Lake Urmia at three levels (0, 16, 32 dS m-1) and the second factor was nano-fertilizer at five levels (potassium, zinc calcium, silica, and no foliar application (control)). The results showed that the highest and lowest values of plant height, leaf dry weight and inflorescence dry weight were obtained from the treatment without salinity stress and salinity stress at 32 dS m-1, respectively. Salinity stress at 32 and 16 ds/m compared to control increased crude protein (5 and 3%), soluble carbohydrates (15 and 14%), acid detergent fiber (23 and 7%), neutral detergent fiber (20% and 5%) and crude fiber (10% and 5%), respectively, while it reduced the total ash (27 and 17%) and dry matter digestibility (22 and 8%). Also, foliar application of nano-fertilizers improved forage quality traits such as crude protein, total ash, dry matter digestibility and soluble carbohydrate content and unfavorable qualitative traits such as neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber and crude fiber decreased. Therefore, in order to improve the growth and increase the quality of quinoa forage and to reduce the effects of salinity stress, foliar application with various nano-fertilizers, especially calcium nano-fertilizer, is recommended.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Crude fiber
  • Crude protein
  • Morphological traits
  • Tolerance to Salinity
  • Total ash
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